Fragments of Imam Al-Rida's Guidelines
We offer our deepest congratulations to The Master of This Time Imam Al-Mahdi (May God hasten his honorable revelation), the Muslims’ Authority during the absence of Imam Al-Mahdi (May God hasten his honorable revelation) Imam Al-Khaminaei (May God lengthen his presence among us), and all the believers in particular the resistants in the anniversary of the birth of the eighth inerrant descendant of the prophetic household (peace be upon them), Imam Ali Bin Moussa Al-Rida (A.S.).
During the period through which Imam Al-Rida (A.S.) had lived, he published the science, knowledge, and awareness, this had let all the people, the far and the near, to confess his science and grace.
Merits of Imam Al-Rida's sayings:
The characteristics of the believer:
The character of faith is achieved only when the believer enjoys three qualities from his Lord, the Prophet (peace be upon him and his family), and the leader –the Imam- (peace be upon him). The quality that he should learn from his Lord is the concealment of secrets, the quality that he should learn from the Prophet (peace be upon him and his family) is the courteous behavior, and the quality that he should learn from the leader (peace be upon him) is steadfastness against poverty and distress.
The Perfect Mind:
"A Muslim’s mind is imperfect before he enjoys ten characters—good is expected from him, evil is far away from him, he regards others’ little good deed as great favor and regards his great favor as little, he is not disturbed by people who ask him to settle their needs, he does not feel tired of seeking knowledge all his lifetime, he prefers poverty for God’s sake to richness, prefers humility with God to honor with His enemies, and prefers obscurity to fame. The tenth character! Do you know what is it?
They asked, ‘What is it?’
It is to regard anyone as better and more pious than him. He classifies people into two kinds; either better and more pious than him or eviler and lowlier than him. If he meets one of those who are eviler and lowlier than him, he wishes the good of that man might be hidden, and this will be better for him, while his own evil is apparent, and this will be worse for him. When he meets one of those who are better and more pious than him, he behaves modestly so that he may join him. If he does so, his glory will be lofty, good deeds will be acceptable, and his reputation will be good. Besides, he will be the master of people".
Trusting in God:
As a man asked him about the exegesis of God’s saying: ﴾And whoever relies upon Allah - then He is sufficient for him﴿ Imam Al-Rida (peace be upon him﴿ said:
"Trusting in God is of various grades, one of which is to trust in whatever He does to you totally. You should satisfy yourself with whatever occurs to you, since you believe that God will not fail to bestow upon you with His good and custody and believe that everything is subject to His estimation; therefore, you should trust in Him by charging with Him whatever befalls you. Another grade of trusting in God is to believe in the unseen acts of God that you cannot comprehend, entrust their comprehension to Him as well as His custodians on them, and rely on him in such acts as well as others".
Some one asked Imam Al-Rida (peace be upon him) about the self-conceit that invalidates one’s actions. The Imam answered:
"Self-conceit is of various grades, one of which is that when the evil deeds seem to be attractive and virtuous; hence, the doer becomes self-conceited because he thinks he is doing well. Another grade of self-conceit is to believe that God owes you a great deal because you believed in Him. In fact, you owe God a great deal because He guided you to believe in Him".
Al-Fadhl who was the minister of Al-Maemoun related: I told Abul-Hasan Al-Rida (peace be upon him) that Younus bin Abdurrahman (one of Imam Al-Rida's companions) claimed that knowledge is an acquired thing. The Imam (peace be upon him) answered:
"No, it is not. This is inaccurate. God gives knowledge (or faith) to whomever He wishes. He fixes it with a group and deposits with others. God will never seize it from those with whom it is fixed, but he will seize it from those with whom it is deposited".
The best servants of God
Imam (peace be upon him) was asked about the qualities of the best servants, he said:
"The best servants (of God) are those who feel delighted whenever they do a good deed, seek God’s forgiveness whenever they commit an evildoing, thank God whenever they obtain something, behave steadfastly whenever a misfortune befalls them, and pardon whenever they are enraged".
"Get connected to your kinship even it may be means of a drinking water with them. And the supreme & superb kind of connecting with the kinship as to avoid annoying them", he adds to say what was mentioned in the Holy Quran: ﴾O you who have believed, do not invalidate your charities with reminders or injury﴿ (chapter: al-Baqara, verse: 264).
Ibrahim Bin Al-Abbas, who was the most brilliant poet of his time and best of all the poets in showing friendship and love toward the Imam, describes Imam's morals as follows: "I haven't neither heard nor seen a person better than Abi Al-Hassan Al-Rida (peace be upon him) and witnessed from him things that I didn't witness it from any one before, "he didn't interrupt any one while talking, didn't refuse to fulfill any need for a person if can do it; Imam never stretched his legs in front of a person sitting with him, or laughed loudly, but he just smile. Besides, if he was invited to a table, he invites all the present people to sit with him even the doorkeeper and the stableman".
Eventually, all praise is due to Allah, the Lord of all the words.