Hadrat Abdul Azim Hasani (A.S.) was born in 173(A.H.) in the sacred city of Madinah and 79 years of his fruitful life was simultaneous with the periods of four infallible Holy Imams (A.S.) i.e Imam Musa al-Kazim (A.S.), Imam Rida (A.S.), Imam Muhammad Taqi al-Jawad (A.S) and Imam Ali un-Naqi al-Hadi (A.S.). He enjoyed the holy presence of these Imams and narrated numerous hadiths (traditions) from them.
He was the great grandson of Imam Hassan al-Mujtaba (A.S.), the second holy Imam of the Shi'ites. He possessed complete knowledge of the religious sciences and the Holy Qur'an. He is considered as one of the leading Shi'ite theologian and the narrator of the traditions of the Infallible Imams (A.S).
The Infallible Imams (A.S.) has complemented and appreciated the scientific and trustworthy character of Hadrat Abdul Azim Hasani (A.S.).
The tenth holy Imam Hadrat Imam al-Hadi (A.S.) some times referred those who had questions and problems to Hadrat Abdul Azim (A.S.) who was known and introduced as a real friend and follower by His Holiness.
In the scientific works of prominent Shi'ite Ulama (theologians and traditionists) there are many complements and admirations about him. They addressed him as a devoted worshipper, a Gnostic, pious and trusted personality who possessed clear beliefs and an illuminated heart and was one of the greatest narrator (Muhaddith) in the Shi'ite history.
In a tradition from Imam Ali un-Naqi al-Hadi (A.S.) it is stated by the Holy Imam (A.S.) that pilgrimage (Ziyarah) to the grave of Hadrat Abdul Azim Hasani (A.S.) in Ray has the heavenly reward as much as the Ziyarah of the holy grave of Hadrat Sayyid al-Shuhada Imam Hussein (A.S.).
The grounds for which Hadrat Abdul Azim (A.S.) had to take a flight from Madinah to Ray is to be figured out in political and social conditions of that era. The Abbasid caliphs were excessively cruel to the Holy Ahlul Bayt (A.S.) and the Shi'ites of the Holy Imams (A.S.). Mutawakkel, the cruel Abbasid caliph had an intense enmity and hostility towards the Holy Ahlul Bayt (A.S.) and during his period the holy shrine of Imam Hussein (A.S.) was entirely demolished and the pilgrimage to his holy shrine was completely banned.
The Sadaat [the descendants of the Holy Prophet of Islam (S.A.W.)] and the Shi'ites were in the worst situation during that era. Hadrat Abdul Azim (A.S.) was not safe in this situation either. The Abbasids attempted to kill him several times. At this critical condition Hadrat Abdul Azim (A.S.) visited Hadrat Imam Hadi (A.S.) and presented his beliefs and doctrines to him. His Holiness (A.S.) approved his beliefs and said: ''You are a friend of ours''.
His visit to Samarrah was reported to Abbasid caliph and he ordered to arrest Hadrat Abdul Azim (A.S.). He decided to remain hidden for sometime. So he traveled to different cities.
The city of Ray was a important Muslim city since the arrival of Islam in Iran. Ray is endowed with such a fertile and rich land that Omar ibn Saad martyred Hadrat Imam Hussein (A.S.) in the tragic event of Karbala because he was promised to be appointed as the governor of Ray.
Both the Sunnis and the Shi'ites lived in Ray during that period. The southern and south-western parts were mainly resided by the Shi'ites. Hadrat Abdul Azim (A.S.) arrived in Ray as an unknown traveler and went to a Shi'ite's house in Sarebanan neighborhood. He lived in a basement for a while and rarely came out of his house. He fasted during the days and prayed at nights.
Only a few of the Shi'ites were informed of his presence in Ray and visited him secretly. They tried not to disclose this matter so that his life should not be endangered. After a while, more people came to know about him and his house became the center of Shi'ites, who took the advantage of his knowledge and narrations and smelled the fragrance of Holy Ahlul Bayt (A.S.) from his holiness. Hadrat Abdul Azim was very popular among the Shi'ites in Ray and replied to their religious queries and solved their problems. This shows the outstanding role of Hadrat Abdul Azim (A.S.) and his responsibility on behalf of Hadrat Imam Hadi (A.S) as the Holy Imam's representative. The Shi'ites accepted his sayings because he was the representative of the Holy Imam (A.S.) and the disciples of Holy Ahlul Bayt (A.S.) gathered around him.
In the last days of his fruitful life he suffered a serious illness which made him so weak that he was unable to meet the public. The constant sufferings of the Shi'ites enhanced his unbearable pain. One of the faithful Shi'ite in Rayy had a dream in which he saw Holy Prophet of Islam(S.A.W.) revealing to him that ''Tomorrow one of my sons will die in Sakeh al-Mowla [in Rayy] and the Shi'ites will bury him near the apple tree in the garden". Early morning he went to the garden and bought that piece of land and that garden was endowed as a burial place for the Shi'ites.
Abdul Jabbar who had the dream, found out the secret of the two dreams. In order to share this honor he endowed the whole garden and the apple tree as a grave-yard for Shi'ites and noble people. His holiness died the same day and the people heard of it and wore black clothes and rushed to Hadrat- e-Abdul Azim's premise crying and moaning.
They washed his body ceremoniously. Some of the historians say that there was a piece of a paper with his name with his antecedents. They prayed on the body then lifted and escorted it to the Abdul Jabbar's garden and buried his body close to the same apple tree as the Holy Prophet (S.A.W.) predicted in the dream. That was how a member of Etrat (Family) of Hadrat Muhammad Mustafa (S.A.W.) was buried in Rayy as a memorial to spread the light of the Household of the Holy Prophet (S.A.W.) to their lovers and followers.
Hadrat Imam zadeh Hamzeh (A.S.)
Hadrat Imam zadeh Hamzeh (A.S.) was one of Hadrat Imam Musa ibn Jafar's sons and his tomb was buried in the same garden before Hadrat Abdul Azim (A.S.). Hadrat Hamzeh (A.S.) is one of the theologians and jurists of Shi'ite, and accompanied Imam Rida (A.S.) during his journey to Toos and was martyred by Mamoon's agents after the martyrdom of Hadrat Imam Rida (A.S.).
Hadrat Abdul Azim (A.S.) went on a pilgrimage to his tomb several times to know it for the people and said: This is the tomb of one of the sons of Hadrat Imam Kazem (A.S.).
Hadrat Imam zadeh Taher (A.S.)
Hadrat Imam zadeh Taher (A.S.) was one of Imam Sajjad's grandsons and descends from him after eight generations. He was an renowned theologian whose tomb had been unknown through centuries and during the reconstruction of the cemetery his body was found entirely fresh and safe and he was identified by his tomb stone. During Qajar's era, Dhel al Sultan, the Qajari nobleman, who was blind, resorted to his holiness and was cured, therefore, he rebuilt the sacred tomb and shrine. The holy shrine have been recently renovated and is situated within the precincts of the holy shrine of Hadrat Abdul Azim (A.S.).