15- THE RIGHT OF THE POSSESSOR OF AUTHORITY
Then the right of the possessor of authority is that you should know that God
has established you as a trial for him. God is testing him through the authority
God has given him over you. And you should sincerely provide him with your
advice. And you should not quarrel with him while he has full dominance over
you, for thereby you cause your own destruction and his, too. And you should be
humble and courteous for his gifts to attain his satisfaction with you, so that
he will not harm your religion. And you should seek God's help in this regard.
Do not oppose his power and do not resist him. Should you do so, you would have
disobeyed him and disobeyed yourself: thus exposing yourself to encounter his
evil and expose him to destruction by you. Thus you will deserve to be
considered to be as his assistant acting against yourself and as his partner in
what he does to you. And there is no power but in God.
16- THE RIGHT OF THE TRAINER THROUGH KNOWLEDGE
And the right of the one who trains you through knowledge is
glorifying him, and respecting his meetings, and listening well to him, and
being responsive to him1, and helping him for yourself in the
knowledge that you need by freeing your mind for him, and presenting your
understanding to him, and purifying your heart for him, and fixing your eyes on
him by means of abandoning leisures and diminishing lust. And you should know
that regarding what he teaches you, you are considered as his messenger to teach
when you meet the ignorant ones. Therefore, it is binding upon you to render on
his behalf properly, and not cheat in the fulfillment of his mission, and strive
to deliver what you undertake. And there is no power but in God.
17- THE RIGHT OF THE TRAINER THROUGH OWNERSHIP
And the right of him who trains you through2 ownership3
is similar to the right of the possessor of authority over you. Except this one
has a right which that one does not: being that you are bound to obey him in
every matter, whether small or big, except for what would lead you to abandon
incumbent rights of God, or in what would intervene between you, his rights and
the rights of the people. And once you fulfill them, you can commit yourself to
his rights and engage in fulfilling them. And there is no power but in God.
* By: IMAM SAJJAD
Ali ibn al-Hussein (May God Bless Him). Research and Translation by: Dr. Ali
Peiravi Ms. Lisa Zaynab Morgan
1. In the other
version it is followed by: "You should not raise your voice toward him. You
should never answer anyone who asks him about something, in order that he may be
the one who answers. You should not speak to anyone in his session nor speak ill
of anyone with him. If anyone ever speaks ill of him in your presence, you
should defend him. You should conceal his faults and make manifest his virtues.
You should not sit with him in enmity or show hostility toward him in
friendship. If you do all of this, God's angels will give witness for you that
you went straight to him and learned his knowledge for God's sake, not for the
sake of the people."
2. In the other version it is followed by: "property is that you should obey him
and not disobey him, unless obeying him would displease God, for there can be no
obedience to a creature when it is disobedience to God."
3. you are his slave