10- THE RIGHT OF YOUR PRAYER
Then the right of your ritual prayer is that you should know that it is an
arrival at the threshold of God and that through it you are standing before God.
And when you realize that, then you will stand in the station of him who is
lowly, vile, beseeching, trembling, hopeful, fearful, and abased, and you will
magnify Him who is before you through stillness, and bowing of the head1,
and humbleness of the limbs, and yielding of the wing2, and by saying
the best supplications to him by yourself and beseeching Him to save you from
the responsibilities which rest on your shoulders-surrounded by your faults and
exhausted by your sins. And there is no power but in God.
11- THE RIGHT OF FASTING
And the right of fasting is that You should know it is a veil, which
God has set up over your tongue, your hearing and your sight, your private parts
and your stomach, to protect you from the Fire3. This meaning is
asserted in the tradition: "Fasting is an armor against the Fire." Thus if your
parts can calm down within the veil of fasting, you have hopes of being
protected.4 But if you leave them agitated behind the veil and let
them lift the sides of the veil, then they will look at things that are not
lawful for them to look at -that incite lust and powers that are beyond the
limits of being God-fearing. It is not safe for you to break through the veil
and leave it.5 And there is no power but in God.
12- THE RIGHT OF PILGRIMAGE
And the right of pilgrimage6 is that you should know that
it is an arrival at the threshold of your Lord and a flight to Him from your
sins; and through it your repentance is accepted and you perform an obligation
made incumbent upon you by God.
13-THE RIGHT OF CHARITY
And the right of charity is that you should know that it is a storing
away with your Lord and a deposit for which you will have no need for witnesses.
Then once you know this you will be more confident of it if you donate it in
secret than if you donate it in public.7 It is more appropriate for
you to do privately what you now do in public and keep the affairs between you
and Him secret under all circumstances. And you should also not take your
hearing and sight as witnesses for the donations that you make in charity as if
you have the most trust yourself.8 It should not be as if you are not
sure that your donations will be returned to you. Finally you should not remind
others of your favors since you have done so for yourself. If you remind them of
your favors, you will not be immune from being similarly reminded of others'
favors to you. Moreover this will prove that your intentions were not pure. If
you had pure intentions you would not remind anyone of it. And there is no power
but in God.
14- THE RIGHT OF THE OFFERING
9And the right of the offering is that through it10 you
purify your will toward your Lord, and expose yourself to His Mercy, and His
approval and not the eyes of the observers lower than Him. If this is so, you
will neither be hypocritical nor extravagant. You will only intend the offering
for God's sake, and know that God wishes your ease, and does not wish your
hardship. He also wishes His creatures to take it easy, and does not wish them
to suffer hardships. Likewise, modesty is better than arrogance, for there lies
extravagance and falsehood in the arrogant, while there are no formalities or
falsehoods in the humble and the servile, since they are creatures and they
exist in nature. There is no power but in God.11
* By: IMAM SAJJAD
Ali ibn al-Hussein (May God Bless Him). Research and Translation by: Dr. Ali
Peiravi Ms. Lisa Zaynab Morgan
1. And fix your eyes
looking down to the ground. In the other version it is followed by: "You will
approach the prayer with humbleness, deep from your heart and you will perform
it according to its bounds and its rights." Then it continues.
2. Being humble
3. of Hell
4. from the Fire of Hell
5. If you abandon the fast, you will have torn God's protective covering away
6. This right has not been mentioned in the version transmitted in Tuhaf al-Uqoul
7. In the other version it is followed by: "You should know that it repels
calamities and illnesses in this world and it will repel the Fire from you in
8. That your donations in charity will be returned to you
9. The animal sacrificed during the holy pilgrimage
10. In the other version it continues: "you desire God and you do not desire His
creation; through it you desire only the exposure of your soul to God's mercy
and the deliverance of your spirit on the day you encounter Him."
11. In the other version it is followed by: "Through it you desire only the
exposure of your soul to the Exalted, and the High- God's Mercy, and the
deliverance of your spirit on the Day you encounter Him.