Issue No. 965 - 25/Zul Hijjah/1432 AH
Corresponding to November 22, 2011 AD
* Mihrab Platform:
How Do We Receive Muharram?
How Do We Receive Muharram?
The main axes of the subject:
1- The immortal tragedy
2- How did the holy leaders (Imams) receive Muharram?
3- How should we receive Muharram?
We will explain the state that a loyalist should experience while receiving the
month of Muharram coupled with the conditions that should overwhelm the
community of the believers.
Exporting the subject:
Imam al Rida (a.s.) was quoted as saying: “For someone like Hussein let the
weepers weep; weeping for him erases the greatest sins.”1
- The immortal tragedy:
The masters of the creation have been inflicted with choking disasters and were
subjected to great wrongness that can make a noble human moan and render the
true humanity shameful while invoke living consciences throughout time and
However, the disaster, which made the heavens, earth, orbits, stars, mountains
and valleys cry, ached the hearts of all people of living feelings and
consciences, took the sleepiness from the perceptive eyes, and bled the beating
hearts, was the murder of Abi Abdillah al Husayn the son of Ali Bin Abi Talib (a.s.).
The accounts narrated that “the murder of Husayn caused a fever in the hearts of
the believers that will never cool.” The prophets, guardians, and angels all
cried for him (may peace be upon all of them).
- How did the holy leaders (Imams) receive Muharram?
The month of Muharram is the month of gloominess and sorrow. It is the month of
the great tragedy, the great disaster. No one should ignore the fact that it is
a month during which sorrow and sadness overwhelms the household of the prophecy
and inerrancy (peace be upon all of them). We must not ignore the fact that
their Shiites rejoice for their happiness and sadden for their gloominess.
The stories confirmed that they did not receive the month of Muharram equally
like the rest of the months; rather, they used to be overwhelmed by sorrow and
In the accounts, Imam Ali Bin Moussa al Rida (a.s.) was quoted as saying: “My
father – Moussa Bin Ja’afar (a.s.) – was never seen smiling when Muharram
commences. Gloominess would overwhelm him until ten days are passed. And on the
tenth day, it will be the day for his tragedy, sadness and crying. He would say:
“This is the day when my grandfather Husayn was killed.”2
It was narrated that Do’bol al Khuzaei had said: “I visited my master and lord
Ali Bin Moussa (a.s.) in Mero on the tenth day of Muharram, and I saw him
sitting like a saddened and gloomy person with his companions sitting around
him. When he saw me approaching he said to me: welcome O Do’bol. Welcome O our
supporter with his deeds and words. Next, he gave me a seat next to him and
said: O Do’bol, I want you to recite me a poem because these are days of sadness
for us, the household of the Prophet; and they are days of joy for our enemies…”3
- How should we receive Muharram?
We must realize that Muharram is the month of incitement and rising, the month
of revolting and revolution. Therefore, we must accustom ourselves with the
Husaynism spirituality that leads toward rejecting tyranny while projecting
self-esteem, generosity, altruism, and pledging allegiance to the spiritual
leaders (Imams) of the truth while dissociate from wrongness and its embracers
and their leaders. We must embark on the following issues:
1- Setting the Husaynism sessions:
During these sessions, the tragic story of Husayn (a.s.) will be recited in
order to encourage tears and invoke the sorrows as well as kindle the hearts.
Imam al Sadiq (a.s.) was quoted as saying: “Any believer who recalls us or
works on us being recalled at his place with a small tear emerging in his eyes,
even if it was the size of a mosquito wing, Allah will build for him a house in
the heaven and will render that tear drop as a shield for him from the fire.”4
Imam al Khomeini (RIP) says: “These sessions were the reason for keeping the
nations alive, and these sessions must increase during the days of Ashura,
growing and spreading.”5
2- Generalizing black clothes (mourning):
We can perform this issue by wearing dark clothes, hanging black textiles on the
balconies, in the arenas and public places and joints, to the point where the
general scene would look different, bringing a question into the mind of he who
does not know the reason for doing so while encouraging others to join the
procession of sadness and sorrow for the master of the youths in the heaven (a.s.).
This issue in its entirety is being performed as a consolation gesture toward
the women of the sons of Hashim. For example, Omar the son of Imam al Sajjad (a.s.)
was quoted as saying: “When Husayn Bin Ali (a.s.) was killed, the women of
the sons of Hashim wore black clothes and would never complain from the heat or
3- Avoid showing joy and happiness:
This issue is a necessity in order to grieve with the purified household of the
Prophet (peace be upon all of them). The best words ever said can be found in
the poetry of Sayyid Ja’afar al Hilli. Here is a translation of the poetry:
How long will you keep us gloomy O new moon of Muharram
Your bow shape keeps firing us with arrows
All the tragedies of the world may ease except
That which left the heart of Muhammad sorrowful
The day when the tyrants of Umayyah approached
In order to quench their hatred by revenging from Husayn
1- Al A’mali, by
Sheikh al Saddouq, P. 191
2- Al A’mali, by Sheikh al Saddouq, P. 111
3- Bihar al Anwar, by scholar Muhammad Baqir al Majlisi, Vol. 45, P. 257
4- Al Ghadir, by scholar al Amini, Vol. 1, P. 202
5- Qiyam Ashoura, P. 102
6- Mahasin al Barqi, Vol. 2, P. 420