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The Battle of Mautah

Our Master Mohammad (peace be upon him and his household) had sent a messenger to the ruler of Busra, a town in Sham. But the messenger was captured and executed in the land of Mautah. This action was against the humanitarian morals. The Prophet (peace be upon him and his household) felt sadness. So, he ordered the Muslims to get ready to make an attack to punish the killers. In the month of Jamadil-Ula, the second year after the blessed immigration, three thousand fighters went to take part in the battle. The Prophet's advice was lightening their way: I advise you to fear Allah. Invade in the Name of Allah. So, fight Allah's enemy and your enemy. You'll find lonely men in the cells. So, don't fight them. Don't kill a woman or a child. Don't cut down a tree. Don't demolish a building.

Our Master Mohammad (peace be upon him and his household) appointed Zaid bin Haritha leader to the Muslim Army. The Prophet said: If Zaid was martyred, the leader would be Ja'far bin Abu Talib. If Ja'far was martyred, the leader would be Abdulah bin Rawaha.

The news of the Muslims' attack reached the Romans. So, they established an army. The army was composed of the Romans and the allied Arab tribes. The number of their forces was two hundred thousand soldiers. The armies gathered at the land of al-Balqaa. The first clash took place between the two armies at the Village of Masharif near al-Balqaa. The mastery of the Romans appeared in the battle because they had a big army. Hercules, the Emperor of Rome, gave the general leadership to his brother Tyodor. The Muslim Army, though few in number, chose the land of Mautah to be the theater for the war operations because the elevations of the land were suitable for the Muslims to protect themselves against the Roman Colossal Army. Zaid bin Haritha got ready for the start of the battle. He strongly shook the banner of the Muslim Army and rushed towards the core of the enemy. His rushing made the Muslim forces start the battle with enthusiasm. Strong fights took place. Spears tore Zaid's body. So, he fell on to the ground dyeing it red. Before the banner dropped from Zaid's hand, Ja'far bin Abu Talib had rushed and caught it strongly. He began fighting severely. His voice became loud in the middle of the noise of the fights. He announced the good news about victory or martyrdom which each believer hoped. Ja'far bin Abu Talib jumped off his horse to show his insistence on fighting. He was the first to do that in the history of Islam. He was like the mountain. He was facing the enemies hits. His firmness astonished them. So, the enemies intensified their attacks against him. A sword hit his right hand. So, it flew in the wind. Ja'far took the banner of Islam with his left hand and began fighting. Another sword hit his hand and cut it off. Ja'far pressed the banner to his bosom with his upper arm so that the fight would go on. During those terrible moments, Ja'far was hit again. He fell over the ground and became a martyr. Abdullah bin Rawaha, the third leader, rushed towards the banner to wave again in the sky of the battle. The new leader fought bravely to stop the attacks of the Romans who were moving like waves. Abdullah fell over the ground and became a martyr. So, Thabit bin al-Arqam took the banner and asked the Muslims to elect a new leader. The Muslims elected Khalid bin al-Waleed. Very quickly, the new leader decided to withdraw his forces. So, he did some tactic operations to cheat the enemy. When it got dark, the Muslim Army withdrew with peace and disappeared in the core of the desert. In the morning, the Romans were surprised to hear about the Muslims' withdrawal. They were afraid to go further into the desert. At the same time, the brave Muslims, though few in number, dismayed them. So, the Romans preferred coming back to stay.

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