Abdolazim, (P.B.U.H.), son of Abdollah ibn Ali, is one of grandsons of Imam
Hassan and his ancestral genealogy with four intermediaries comes down to Imam
Hassan. His father was Abdollah and his mother Fatima, daughter of Oghbatebne
Hadrat Abdolazim was born in Medina in 173 H. and the life of that pious man was
concurrent with the leadership of four Imams i.e. Mousa Kazem, Imam Rida,
Mohammad Taqi and Ali Naqi. He was present in meetings with Imam Rida, Imam
Mohammad Taqi and Imam Ali Naqi and Imam Hadi and has narrated many narrations
from those saints.
Since he is a grandson of Imam Hassan, he is known as Abdolazim Hassani. Hadrat
Abdolazim was among shiite scholars and a narrator of narrations of the
infallible imams and was salient figure confidante of them and was profoundly
aware of the religious matters and Quranic sciences. The adorations made by the
Imams of him, displays his scientific personality and character.
Imam Hadi referred people with questions to him saying: go to Abdolazim and ask
him your question, thus introducing him. In the works of Shiite scholars, there
are many homages paid to him and he is introduced as a pious jurisprudent with
deep beliefs and clean sanctimoniousness and sanctity.
In many narrations, the visit paid to his tomb is tantamount to that of Imam
Hussein. The background of migration of Abdolazim from Medina to Rey and abode
in aloofness and solitude requires us to seek political, social situation of
The Abbasid califs made austere behaviors regarding the household of the prophet
and one of the fiercest of them was Motewakkel who had deep animosity with the
household of prophet and only during his rule, several times the tomb of Imam
Hussein was destroyed in Karbala and leveled to ground and blocked the people
from visiting his tomb.
Sadats and Alawites during his rule were in the worst possible situation.
Abdolazim, also was not safe from animosity of the califs and his life was
menaced several times. Under such austere conditions, Abdolazim came to Imam
Hadi and presented himself with his religious creeds. Imam Hadi endorsed him and
said: you are among our friends.
The visit of Abdolazim with Imam Hadi was reported to the calif and the order
was given to prosecute him. In order to flee, he had to travel surreptitiously
from one town to the other till he arrived in Rey and chose the town for
residence. The reason why he chose this place dates back to religious, social
conditions of Rey at that time, that is to say, when Islam was introduced to
various towns of Iran and Muslims embraced Islam in towns of Iran, Rey was from
early days one of the centers of residents of Muslims and found particular
position as it was a fertile, effluent land. Omar saad, too, martyred Imam
Hussein in aspiration of leadership of rey.
In Rey both sunnites and shiites lived and the southern and south western part
of the town was more the habitat of shiites. Hadrat Abdolazim entered rey as a
stranger traveller and in the sarebanan place went to the home one of shiites (sekkatolmawali
alley). After a while, he lived in the basement of the house and did not leave
the house so much. He fasted and passed nights praying.
Very few shiites knew him and went to visit him secretly but tried to keep it a
secret as there was risk for his life. After awhile, more people came to know
him but confined the visits to their places. Many sought knowledge and science
from him and as they saw him a memory of their Imams encircled him with love and
passion. Abdolazim was endeared among shiites of Rey and answered their
This shows he was appointed by Imam Hadi and hence people considered his words
as that of Imams. The final days of his life was accompanied with disease, and
that figure of faith and devotion was in bed and the people were anticipating
anxiously if he could recover.
In one of these days, a dream showed the future happenings: one of the naïve
followers of Abdolazim dreamed a dream of the holy prophet who said: tomorrow
one of my sons will die, take him to Abdul-Jabbar garden and bury him near the
apple tree. Early in the morning he went to the garden to buy the place,
Abdul-Jabbar also had dreamed similar dream and found out the connection between
the two dreams and therefore endowed the place so all shiite dignitaries would
be buried there.
The same day Abdolazim died and people were clad with black clothes and came to
his home. When washing him, a piece of paper was found in his shirt in which his
genealogy was written. They took him to Abdul-Jabbar garden and his body was
buried at the foot of the same apple tree as the holy prophet had pointed to it
so part of the prophet would be left there in trust and the lovers of the
household of the prophet would benefit from his tomb.