The Earth Spreading night (from Mafatin Ul Jinan)
This night is called laylat dahw al-ard (the night at which the earth was spread on the water where the Holy Ka`bah
is now situated). Being distinctively honorable, at this night the mercy of
Almighty Allah is poured on people. A great reward is obtained by those who
practice acts of worship at this night. Ali ibn al-Hasan al-Washsha’ has narrated that when he was young, he was with his father in the hospitality of Imam al-Rida(A.S.) at the twenty-fifth night of Dhu’l-Qa`dah. After they had their supper, Imam al-Rida (A.S.) said, “At the twenty-fifth night of Dhu’l-Qa`dah, Prophet Abraham was born, Prophet Jesus the son of Mary was born, and the earth was spread on the water where the Holy Ka`bah is now situated. Hence, if one observes fasting on this day, he will be given the reward of observing fasting in sixth months.” According to another narration, Imam al-Rida (A.S.) added, ﴾Verily, on this day, al-Qa'im (i.e. Imam al-Mahdi) will appear.﴿
The twenty-fifth of Dhu’l-Qa`dah is one of the four days on which fasting is exclusively confirmed. According to a narration, to observe fasting on this day is equal to seventy year fasting. It also erases the sins of seventy years. According to another narration, to observe fasting on this day and to practice acts of worship at its night is equal (in reward) to one hundred year worship. Everything that is between the sky and the earth will ask God’s forgiveness for one who does these rites. On this day, the mercy of Almighty Allah has been spread. To practice acts of worship and hold sessions for mentioning Almighty Allah on this day bring about an abundant reward. Apart from fasting, acts of worship, remembrance of Almighty Allah, and bathing, there are two other acts that are advisably done on this day:
On this day, it is recommended to offer, in the morning, a prayer consisting of two units, reciting in the each unit Surah al-Fatihah once and repeating Surah al-Shams (No. 91) five times. After accomplishment, the following is said:
There is no power and no strength except with Allah, the Most High, the All-great.
Then, one may pray Almighty Allah for granting his needs and then say the following prayer:
O He Who overlooks slips, (please) overlook my slip.
O He Who responds to prayers, (please) respond to my prayer.
O He Who hears all sounds, (please) listen to mine,
have mercy on me, and excuse my wrongdoings and whatever I have committed.
O Lord of majesty and honor!
Second: In Misbah al-Mutahajjid, Shaykh al Tusi has mentioned that it is recommended to say the following prayer on this day:
O Allah Who spread the Ka`bah,
split the kernel,
and relieves from all distresses!
I beseech You on this day, which is one of Your days
whose standing You have deemed great,
whom You have given preference,
and whom You have put as trust with the believers
and as means to approaching to You;
and [I beseech You] in the name of Your ample mercy
to send blessings to Muhammad,
Your servant that You have selected in the Nigh Covenant
on the Meeting Day,
the splitter of all joined things
and the caller to all truths,
and to his Household, the pure,
the guides, the lanterns,
the pillars of the Omnipotent (Lord),
and the supervisors on Paradise and Hell,
to give us on this day from Your stored gifts,
gifts that are neither interrupted nor prohibited
by which You join for us both repentance and acceptable return [to You].
O He Who is the best of all supplicated ones
and the most generous of all hoped ones!
O All-sufficer! O All-true!
O He Whose grace is gentle!
(Please) treat me gracefully with Your graciousness,
make me feel happy with Your pardon,
aid me with Your support,
never make me inattentive of Your noble mention through Your Representatives
and the keepers of Your secret,
protect me against the vicissitudes of time
up to the day of resurrection and raising (the dead to life),
and make Your Representatives attend at the hour of the departure of my souls,
the time of my entry to my grave,
when my deed will be interrupted
and my lifetime will come to its end.
O Allah, (please) remember me all over the stages of trial
when I will reside between the layers of the earth
and the forgetful people will forget me.
Allow me to dwell in the abode of eternity,
settle me in the residence of honor,
make me of the companions of Your intimate servants
and the people of Your choice and selection,
bless me by meeting You,
and grant me good-doing before the end of my lifetime,
making me free from slips and foolish doing.
O Allah, allow me to enter the Pool of Your Prophet, Muhammad,
Allah’s blessings be upon him and his Household,
allow me to drink from it a quenching drink
that is palatable and salubrious
after which I will never be thirsty, I will never be prevented from reaching it,
and I will never be disallowed to approach it.
Make for me the best nourishment
and the most fulfilling promise on the day when the Witnesses will rise.
O Allah, curse the tyrants from the past and the last generations
who usurped the dues of Your Representatives.
O Allah, demolish their posts,
annihilate their allies and their assistants,
and hasten their perdition,
seize their estates,
make narrow their ways,
and curse their helpers and aides.
Allah, (please) hasten the relief of Your Representatives,
restore to them their usurped rights,
cause their Riser to prevail with the truth,
and make him support Your religion
and carry out Your commandments about Your enemies.
O Allah, make the angels of victory surround him
and so are the commandments that You addressed to him
at the Destiny Night
so that he will punish Your enemies on behalf of You until You are pleased,
Your religion will recover its freshness and bloom at his hands,
he will clean the truth with thorough cleaning,
and he will reject the wrong with absolute rejection.
O Allah, send blessings to him and to all of his forefathers,
include us with his companions and group,
and resurrect us during his return
so that we will live in his age and become of his helpers.
O Allah, make us catch up his advent,
make us witness his days,
bless him, and convey to us his greetings.
Peace and Allah’s mercy and blessings be upon him.
In his epistle entitled "The Four Days", Sayyid al-Damad has mentioned
that to visit the holy tomb of Imam Ali ibn Musa al-Rida (A.S.) on the day; i.e. the Earth Spreading Day, is the most preferable act. Similarly, to visit his tomb on the first of Rajab is highly desirable; therefore, he has urged on it greatly.