The first ten days of this month are full of significance and merit. The Holy
Prophet (peace be upon him and his household) has said:
"There are no days when Allah is as pleased with good deeds as He is in these
ten days [of Dhul-hajj]."
The following are the rituals for the first 10 days of Dhul-hijja:
1. Keep fast on the first 9 days of the month of Dhul-hijja (not on the 10th).
In a tradition from Imam Musa Kazim (as), if a person fasts on the first nine
days of Dhul-hijja, Allah (swt) gives him the reward of a lifetime of fasting.
2. In the nights of the first 10 days, between the Maghrib and Ishaa prayers,
pray a 2 units prayer as under (The reward
of offering this prayer is to participate in the rewards of those who go for
In every unit, after the recitation of Soorah Al Faatih’ah, recite Soorah Al
Ikhlaas and the following verse (7:142):
﴾And when We did appoint for Moosa thirty nights, and added to them
ten; and he completed the whole time appointed by his Lord of forty nights; and
Moosa said unto his brother: “Take my place among the people. Do right, and do
not follow the way of the mischief-makers”.﴿
3. Each day, from the 1st to the Asr of the day of “A’rafah”, recite the
following supplications, reported on the authority of Imam Ja’far As-Sadiq (a.s)
by Sayyid Ibn Tawus (r.a) and Shaykh Tusi (r.a), after the Fajr prayer and
before the Maghrib prayer:
O Allah these are the days Thou has preferred to and surpassed over other
(ordinary) days, and mercifully as a favour gave me the opportunity to avail its
advantages, so send down Thy good for us, and increase Thy good for us, and
increase Thy bounties bestowed on us in these days. O Allah I ask Thee to send
blessings on Mohammad and on the children of Mohammad. And keep us on the
rightly guided path, leading us to moderation, contentment, and productive
labour, through which we get Thy love and sympathy. O Allah I ask Thee. O he who
makes good and settle complaints, O He who listens to that which hearts and
minds ask for secretly, O He sees clearly through points of view and opinions,
expressed openly. O He who knows and ins and outs of that which is kept
undisclosed, to send blessings on Mohammad and on the children of Mohammad, and,
during these days, disperse the calamities hovering over our heads, accede to
our request, strengthen us, help us and encourage us, by which we get Thy love
and sympathy, and carry out that which has been made obligatory in Thy obedience
and in the obedience of Thy Messenger and Thy authorized representatives. O
Allah I ask Thee, O the Most Merciful of all the merciful, to send blessings on
Mohammad and on the children of Mohammad, and grant us Thy approval, because
verily, Thou hears supplications, in these days, do not deprive us of the good
that Thou sends down in this period from the heaven, cleanse us of the (dirt of)
sins, O Knower of the unseen, and make certain for us a place in the land of
everlasting happiness (Paradise). O Allah sends blessings on Mohammad and on the
children of Mohammad, and do not leave us alone burdened with sin, setting aside
forgiveness, do not fill yus with care and sorrow, passing over relief, do not
let us borrow unless made able to pay back, do not remove us (from any place) or
send (in any direction) without keeping clear the way back home, and do not
render anything necessary, whether it is a worldly need or a desire for the
everlasting happiness, except that fulfillment is made easy and expeditious.
Verily Thou art able to do all things. O Allah, O knower of the secrets, O He
who takes pity on those who shed tears, O He who gives answer to those who call
on Him. O lord of the earths and the heavens. O He whom (countless) voices of
the (supplicants) do not confuse (He pays attention to each and every call
separately), send blessings on Mohammad and on the children of Mohammad, and
declare us as those who have been set free and kept foar away from the Fire, and
have been rescued to reach Thy Paradise, through Thy Mercy, O the Most Merciful
of all the merciful, send blessings on our Master Mohammad, and on (all) his
4. Recite the following 5 supplications every day on the first 10 days, Angel
Jibraeel brought to Prophet Isa (a.s.) as a gift from Allah (swt):
(i) I testify that there is no god save Allah only. He has no partner. Unto
He belongs the sovereignty. Unto He belongs the praise. In His hand is the good.
And it is he who is able to do all things.
(ii) I testify that there is not god save Allah only. He has no partner;
Single and Ever- Independent, (He) has taken neither wife nor son.
(iii) I testify that there is no god save Allah only. He has no partner, One,
Ever-Independent, He begets not, nor was He begotten, and there is none
comparable (co-equal) unto Him.
(iv) I testify that there is no god save Allah only, he has no partner. Unto
he belongs the sovereignty. Unto he belongs the praise. He gives life and he
puts to death. And it is He who is Ever-Alive, never non-existent. In His hand
is the good. And it is He who is able to do all things.
(v) Allah is my all. He is enough (for me). Allah hears the prayer of the
supplicant. Beyond Allah there is no destination. I testify Allah unto Whom I
turn to make requests, disconnecting all links with those who go astray for Him.
Unto Allah belongs the beginning and the end.
5. Recite the following supplication taught by Imam Ali (a.s.) everyday for the
first 10 days of Dhul-hijja, it is better to recite it 10 times everyday:
There is no god save Allah, in the midst of the multitude of nights and days;
there is no god save Allah, in the midst of the repeating concourse of the waves
moving across the surface of the oceans; there is no god save Allah, His loving
kindness (mercy) out balances their addition put together; there is no god save
Allah, in the midst of the plentitude of plants and leaves; There is no god save
Allah, in the midst of countless pores and mass of hairs; there is no god save
Allah, in the midst of numerous stones and particles in heaps; there is no god
save Allah, in the midst of quite a many flashes of the eyes; there is no god
save Allah, in the hours of every night when darkness begins to deepen and at
every daybreak when light shines bright; there is no god save Allah, in the
midst of thousands of winds blowing over the plains and mountains; there is no
god save Allah, from today to the day of “blow the horn” (the final call).
The Seventh of Dhu’l-hijjah
Imam Mohammad ibn Ali al-Baqir (a.s.) was martyred on this day at the holy city
of al-Madeenah in AH 114.
The Eighth of Dhu’l-hijjah
The eighth of Dhu’l-hijjah is called the Tarwiyah Day. To observe fasting on
this day brings about a great reward. According to a narration, it erases the
sins of sixty years. Shaykh al-Shaheed (the martyr) has said that it is
recommended to bathe oneself on this day.