E-Mail عربي Français Guest Book Search Week's Spotlight Mailing List
The Role of Time in Knowledge Acquisition Supreme Leader's Meeting with Outstanding Youth

News Categories » Occasions » Islamic Months » Safar

Decrease Font Size Increase Font Size Tell a friend Print Page
Month of Safar

Safar Daily Supplication: (should be read 10 times daily)

In The Name of Allah, the Merciful, the Compassionate
O He who has total, absolute and everlasting power, therefore is versatile and at all times gets the better of the impossible, the Almighty, the Dearest beloved. Dwarfed are all that which have been created by Thee before Thy Majesty. Keep me safe from the evil any of the created beings may direct at me O the praiseworthy who vies in beauty and goodness; does everything in a pleasant way, gives joy, heart and confidence; treats with love and kindness. O "There is no god save Thee. Be Thou glorified. Verily I have been a wrongdoer. Then WE heard his prayer and saved him from the anguish. Thus We save believers", Send blessings on Muhammad and on his Pure and Pious descendants


The First Day of Safar

On the first of Safar, AH 37, the battle of Siffin broke out. According to some narrations, on this day in  61 AH, the head of Imam al-Hussein, the chief of martyrs, entered the city of Damascus, the capital of the Umayyad rulers, on spearheads after it had been carried to it from al-Kufah, Iraq. Therefore, the Umayyads betook that day as feast day. A poet says,

While there were days of sadness in Iraq,
The Umayyads betook them as feast days

In fact, on this day, the grievances of Imam al-Hussein’s adherents should be aroused.

According to some narrations, on the first, or the third, of Safar, Zayd ibn Ali ibn al-Hussein was martyred.


The Third of Safar
Sayyid Ibn Tawus writes down on the authority of the books of some Imamiyyah scholars that it is recommended, on the third of Safar, to offer a two unit prayer at the first of which Surah al-Fatihah and Surah al-Fath (No. 48) should be recited and at the second, Surah al-Fatihah and Surah al-Tawhid should be recited. After accomplishment, invocation of blessings upon the Holy Prophet and his Household, invocation of curse upon the Umayyad, and imploration for forgiveness repeated one hundred times each. After all that, one may pray for granting his needs. The invocation of curse upon the Umayyads should be in the following form:

O Allah, curse the family of Abu-Sufyan.


The Seventh of Safar
According to the opinions of al-Shahid and al-Kaf`ami, Imam al-Hasan al-Mujtaba (a.s.) was martyred on the seventh of Safar,  50 AH. As for the two Shaykhs, Imam al-Hasan (a.s.) was martyred on the twenty-eighth of Safar.

On the seventh of Safar, AH 128, Imam Musa ibn Ja`far al-Kazim (a.s.) was born at al-Abwaa, a place between Makkah and al-Madinah.


The Twentieth of Safar; the Arba`in

In the word of the two Shaykhs, on the twenties of Safar, the harem of Imam al-Hussein (a.s.) arrived in al-Madinah returning from Syria. On this day too, Jabir ibn `Abdullah al-Ansari, the first to visit the tomb of Imam al-Hussein (a.s.), arrived there. It is recommended to visit the holy tomb of Imam al-Hussein (a.s.) on this day. Concerning this, Imam al-Hasan al-`Askari (a.s.) is reported to have said:

“The signs of a true believer are five:
(1) offering a fifty-one units of daily obligatory and supererogatory prayers, (2) visiting the tomb of Imam al-Hussein on the twentieth of Safar (i.e. Ziyarat al-Arba`in), (3) putting a ring in the right hand, (4) covering one’s forehead with dust (i.e. prostrating oneself to Almighty Allah earnestly), and (5) repeating the Basmalah: In the Name of Allah, the All-beneficent, the All-merciful, audibly in certain prayers.

In Tahdhib al-Ahkam and al-Misbah, Shaykh al-Tusi has mentioned a form of Ziyarah that is dedicated to this day.


The Twenty-Eighth of Safar
On the twenty-eight of Safar, AH 11, the Holy Prophet Mohammad, the Seal of the Prophets, departed life. As is unanimously agreed, it was Monday. The Holy Prophet was sixty-three years old when he departed life. At the age of forty, he was commissioned, by Almighty Allah, to convey the Divine Mission; and Archangel Gabriel began conveying to him the commandments of Almighty Allah and the Divine Revelation. At Makkah, he invited people to follow the religion of monotheism for thirteen years. He then immigrated to al-Madinah at the age of fifty-three. He departed life in the tenth year after his immigration (Hegira). Hence, Imam Ali Amir al-Mu'minin (a.s.) did the funeral rituals and then offered the ritual Prayer of the Dead for his soul. The companions, in groups, then would come near him to offer prayers individually without having any imam to lead them in prayer. Imam Ali (a.s.) buried him in the holy room where he—may Allah send peace and blessings upon him and his Household—departed life.

It has been narrated that Anas ibn Malik said, “As soon as we accomplished the ceremonies of burying the Holy Prophet (pbuh&hh), Lady Fatima (a.s.) came to me and said, ‘How could you be bold enough to pile up soil on the face of the Messenger of Allah?’ She then wept and shouted, ‘Oh for my father whose prayers were responded by the Lord! Oh for my father; how nigh he is from his Lord!’…etc.”

According to a narration, Lady Fatima al-Zahraa (a.s.) took a handful of the soil of the Holy Prophet’s tomb, put it between her eyes, and said,

Indeed! If one who smells the soil of Ahmad’s tomb
Shall never smell any perfume any more!
If the misfortunes that have been poured on me
Were poured on days, they should turn to black nights!

In his book of al-Durr al-Nazim, Shaykh Yusuf al-Shami has mentioned that Lady Fatima al-Zahraa (a.s.) composed the following verses, elegizing her father:
Tell him who is concealed under the layers of soil:
If you can hear my scream and my call
If the misfortunes that have been poured on me
Were poured on days, they should turn to black nights!
Under the shadow of Muhammad, I used to be sheltered
I did not anticipate any grievance since he was my haven
But today I am made subservient to the lowly, suffering grievances,
And I have to ward off the wrongdoer with my dress
If a turtledove weeps on a branch in eves
Out of grief, I will weep in morns
I shall betake grief, after you, as my entertainment
And I shall betake shedding tears, for you, as my sash



The Last Day of Safar
According to the narration of al-Tabirsi and Ibn al-Athir, Imam Ali ibn Musa al-Rida (a.s.) was martyred on the last day of Safar, AH 203, because of poison that was mixed with grapes and offered to him. He was fifty-five years old when he departed life. His tomb was at the house of Hamid ibn Qahtabah in the village of Sanabad in the city of Tus. In the same house, Harun, the `Abbasid ruler, was buried, too.


1469 View | 05-12-2013 | 10:56


5- The Tawabin Revolution Against the Umayyads (65 A.H.)
8- The Birth Anniversary of Imam Hasan Al-Askari (a.s.) (232 A.H.)
10- The Death of the Infallible Lady, daughter of Imam Al-Kazem (a.s.), Fatima Al-Masoumah (201 A.H.)
14- The Revolution of Al-Mukhtar Ibn Abu Obeida Al-Thaqafi, (66 A.H.)
25- Hiteen Battle (385 A.H.)

Related News
11 Tips for ReadingThe Role of Time in Knowledge AcquisitionSupreme Leader's Meeting with Outstanding YouthSayyed Hassan Nasrallah's Speech on the 10th of MuharramSayyed Hassan Nasrallah's Speech on the Tenth of Muharram
  ::Al-Maaref:: Islamic Organization