Q: What is meant by punishment? Does it mean ta‘zir? What is the shar‘i limit in
this regard? How about punishment and having authority over a child in punishing
him / her by the authorized religious authority (hakim al-shar’), the child’s
guardian, a teacher and a just believer?
A: Punishment and ta‘zir and what is the duty of the hakim al-shar‘ depends on
the hakim’s view. The punishment by the father or the teacher authorized by the
child’s father to do so is conditioned by not being in a degree that entails
payment of blood money. Thus, if child’s skin becomes bruised, black, red, etc.
blood money has to be paid.