According to the view of Islam, the woman is given the high status she desires.
In fact, one of the advantages of Islam, which has turned it into the best way
of living for mankind, is its view on the true status of women.
As opposed to many schools of thought which have a derogatory view of women and
introduce them as the inferior gender, Islam’s view of women is different from
the common views of women fourteen centuries ago or even the view in today’s
For example, even the modern world has failed to describe the status of woman in
the society. As such, Will Durant, the famous philosopher and author of The
Story of Civilization states:
Supposing that we are Christians living in the year 2000, and we want to know
the greatest historic event in the first quarter of the twentieth century, we
would realize that this event was not a war or the revolution in Russia, rather
it was the revolution in the status of women. The history has barely witnessed
such a significant alteration, in such a short period of time; the holy union of
family which was the basis for social order, marriage which was the barrier to
lustfulness and instability of human, the complication moral rules which turned
us from savagery to civilization and sociability, all have evidently been caught
in this revolutionary transform, which has affected all our traditions,
lifestyles, and even thoughts.
Therefore, we hear the complaint of western intellectuals about the shakiness of
the foundation of family and marriage, the escaping of the youth from accepting
the responsibility of marriage, the hatred towards motherhood, the diminishment
of parents’ and especially mothers’ love for their children, the status of women
in today’s world and the replacement of true love with superficial desires, the
growing rate of divorce, the extraordinary rate of illegitimate children, lack
of unity and kindness between spouses... more than anytime before.
However, the religion of Islam and its Holy Scripture offer a different point of
view. At the time of Prophet Mohammad (pbuh&hh), when woman was considered as a
cause of adversity and worthy of being buried alive, he used to kiss the hands
of his daughter, and introduced woman as a cause of tranquility and peace1.
The Holy Qur’an, in contrast with some other religious books, has not mentioned
the theory that woman was created from a substance inferior to that of man.
Moreover, the Holy Qur’an strictly opposes the common notion in the literature
that woman is “an element of sin”, “a little Satan”, or “there is a woman
involved in every sin or crime”.
On the contrary, there are several verses in the Holy Qur’an which state that
human being is created from a man and a woman. Throughout these verses and other
related ones, the Holy Scripture of Islam rejects the common perception that
despises the role of women in childbirth and degrade her status to just a sex
Moreover, the Holy Qur’an disproves the unreal claim that women do not have the
capability of getting into Paradise or gaining spiritual positions by
enumerating examples of distinguished women.
The Holy Qur’an clearly relates proximity towards Allah (SWT) to faith and
deeds, rather than gender3.
It refers to a prominent woman besides every prominent man. It has admired the
wives of Adam and Abraham (PBUT) as well as the mothers of Moses and Jesus (PBUT).
On the other hand, wives of Noah and Lot (PBUT) have been condemned while Asiyah
(the wife of Pharaoh), who was a faithful woman, has been recognized4.
This reveals that to prove its advanced viewpoints on the status of women, the
Holy Qur’an has introduced some real examples and successful models.
One such model, who is an outstanding example in terms of spiritual positions,
as well as religious knowledge and social-political actions, is the auspicious
Lady born on this day, namely Lady Zeinab (a.s.). The role of Lady Zeinab (a.s.)
in the event of Ashura, which was the initiation of the revival of the Islamic
movement and the main reason for the revival of the Islamic religion, was not
marginal; rather she had a complementary role without which the rising of Imam
Hussein (PBUH) would have been incomplete.
According to the viewpoint of the religion in which Lady Zeinab (a.s.) is a
model, women have such a valuable status that the capability of influencing the
history is just a small portion of it; indeed, this viewpoint has no identical
in any of the other ideologies...
* Selection taken from The Rights of Women in Islam, by
Martyr Murtada Mutahhari (with some changes)
1. The Holy Qur’an
2. The Holy Qur’an (49, 13)
3. The Holy Qur’an (4, 124), (16, 97), (40, 40)...
4. The Holy Qur’an (66, 10 & 11)