The status of woman in the world-view of Islam:
As for the first part the holy Qur’an is not only a collection of laws. It does
not contain merely a series of dry commands and laws without comment. It
contains both laws and history both exhortation and the interpretation of
creation and countless other subjects. Just as the Qur’an lays down rules of
action in the form of law on some occasions so it also comments upon existence
and being. It explains the secrets of the creation of the earth and the sky
plants animals and mankind and the secret of life and death greatness and
suffering growth and decline wealth and poverty.
The Qur’an is not a treatise on philosophy but it has explicitly expressed its
views concerning the three basic topics of philosophy: the universe mankind and
Not only does the Qur’an teach its believers laws and not only does it give
exhortation and advice but it also endows its followers with a special way of
thinking a particular world-view by its interpretation of creation.
The foundation of all Islamic commandments concerning social matters for example
ownership government family rights and so forth is this same explanation which
the Qur’an gives of creation and the things of the world.
One of the matters that have been commented on in the holy Qur’an is the subject
of the creation of women and men. The Qur’an was not silent on this matter and
did not provide an opportunity for those who talk nonsense to put forth their
own philosophies for laws concerning men and women and then to accuse Islam of
having a derogatory attitude towards women on the strength of their own
theories. Islam has already laid down its views regarding women.
If we want to see what the view of the Qur’an is regarding the creation of woman
and man it is necessary to have a look at the question of their creation as it
is treated in the Books of other religions. The Qur’an also did not remain
silent on this subject. We should see whether the Qur’an considers woman and man
to be of one essence or two.
In other words whether woman and man have one nature and essence or two.
The Qur’an most explicitly lays down in several ayat (verses) that: We created
women from the nature of man and from an essence the same as the essence of man.
Concerning the first Adam the Qur’an says: Who created you from one single
soul and created from it its mate (Qur’an 4:1). With regard to all men the
Qur’an says in several places: Allah created your mate from your own kind.
There is no trace in the Qur’an of what is found in some sacred books: that
woman was created out of an inferior stock to that of man that they gave woman
the status of a parasite and of an inferior or that the mate of the first Adam
was created from one of the left-side parts of his body. Besides that in Islam
there is no derogatory view about woman as regards her nature and innate
* A book named:
The Rights of Women in Islam. By: Ayatullah Morteza Motahari