In the name of Allah, the Beneficent, the Merciful
The Etiquette of Ashuraa
Occasion: The Beginning of Muharam Month
By the advent of Muharam, we offer condolences to Al-Imam Al-Mahdi (May God hasten his appearance), to the supreme leader of the Muslims Al-Imam Al-Khamenei (May God keep him) and to all Muslims especially the strugglers (Al-Mujahedin); it is a month of the victory of blood over the saber, and the family's prophet (peace be upon them) told us to interact with it with a set of etiquettes. The tenth day of Muharam is called Ashuraa, but people wanted it to be the first ten days of this month, while the departed Imam (May his secret be sacred) emphasized on the family of the prophets' instructions and he declared that every day is Ashuraa, but the base is Muharam month, in which it was having a special feature in dealing with the prophet's family with him and there is etiquettes which they should be endowed with and we mention some of them:
About Al-Imam Al-Rida (A.S.), "When Muharam begins, my father (A.S.) had to stop smiling and to be depressed for ten days, and the tenth day was a day of misfortune, sadness and crying". And showing grief is not only through depression and crying but also by declaring a state of mourning in general. "And Al-Imam Al-Khomeini (may his secret be sacred) said with respect to this: "Raise Ashuraa's bloody banner more and more, announcing the starting day of revenge between the oppressed and the oppressor".
Crying Al-Imam Al-Hussein (A.S.)
Imam Al-Rida (A.S.) uttered: "For such as Hussein criers should cry, crying on him degrades big sins". Besides, crying Imam Al-Hussein has several semantics, Al-Imam Al-Khomeini declared on a side of it by saying: "crying on the affliction of Al-Imam Al-Hussein (A.S.) is a revival of revolution and a revival for the necessity of the standing of few people in front of a great empire".
Console Faithful People
Al-Imam Al-Baker (A.S.) has said: "And then to mourn and cry Hussein, and to order in his home who doesn't fear him to cry on…to console each other in Al-Hussein's (A.S.) affliction. It was asked: "How do we console each other?" He (A.S.) said: "you say, may God glorify our honorarium to what happened to Al-Imam Al-Hussein (A.S.) and make us from the askers of his revenge with Al-Imam Al-Mahdi (May God hasten his appearance)". Besides, the consolation of the believers for each others in Al-Hussein's (A.S.) affliction is a perform of informing about the message of Muharam month which Imam Khomeini described it as a month of the victory of blood over the saber, and it is a month through which the right was able to refute the wrong and stamp the oppressive ones and the devil's governments with the nullity stamp. It is a month which had taught the generations through out the ages how to triumph over the sabers, and it is a month in which it was registered in it the Great Power's defeat in front of the right. It is a month in which the Muslim's Imam taught us how to confront the oppressor ones through out the ages".
Al-Imam Al-Hussein's (A.S.) visit
About Al-Imam Al-Baker (A.S.), "who visited Al-Hussein the son of Ali (A.S.) on the tenth day of Muharam and stayed crying, he will meet Allah with a reward of two thousand pilgrimage, two thousand minor pilgrimage and two thousand invasion; as a reward to whom has performed pilgrimage, minor pilgrimage and invaded with the prophet Mohammad (peace be upon him) and all Imams". And after Al-Imam Al-Baker (A.S.) has said Ashuraa visit, he commented, "if you were able to visit him everyday from your home, do it, and you will get the reward of all that". In addition to the great reward for visiting Imam Al-Hussein (A.S.), it has a great effect through out history and in our days in which it preserves Islam; and Imam Khomeini (May his secret be sacred) said about that: "Commemorate Karbalaa's incident, and the blessing name of Imam Al-Hussein (A.S.), because commemorating them revive the Islam".
Reciting and Listening to Al-Husseini Poetry
Imam Al-Sadek (A.S.) said: "The one who sings a moiety of poetry in Al-Hussein (A.S.), cries and make ten people cry, all of them will be in paradise". The habit has been that singing and listening to Al-Husseini poetry on the boards of Ashuraa which Al-Imam Al-Khomeini called for activating it by saying: "to set up boards for the memory of the master of free and oppressed with more sublimity and presence, since they are board of predominance of reason over forces of ignorance, justice over injustice, integrity over treason and the government of Islam over the government of tyranny". Furthermore, singing and listening to this poetry should be in a procession of slapping, which Al-Imam Al-Khomeini called for taking the advantage of its content saying: "their must be content for slapping the chest". Finally, this was a summary of today Ashuraa's etiquettes, as Imam Khomeini described it the day of the second birth of Islam and Muslims.
All praise is due to Allah the lord of the worlds.