In the Name of Allah, the Beneficent, the Merciful
The Sight's Right
God bestowed upon human a plenty of graces in which whatever the person does, he can't thank him, and some of these graces are the apparent senses and the most honorable one between them is the sight grace, and it was related to the Commander of the Faithful (A.S.) that he said: "There is no nobler sense between the apparent senses other than the eye"; its size is equal to almond's seed in which the person sees through it the beauty of the God's creatures in widely places and in brilliantly colors and in gorgeously portraits. So how we reciprocate this grace? The minimum thing that we can reciprocate by is in giving its right and this what Imam Zain Al-Abdeen (A.S.) implied to in The Right's letter (Risalat Al-Houkouk) by saying: "The right of the sight is to disregard on what is not legitimate to you, and take a warning from looking and leaving triteness just for a learning position in which you receive from it sighting, or benefit from it for learning; hence sight is the gate for learning". The sight's right is as follows:
1- Casting down on what is forbidden to you. And here are some of the things that you shouldn't look to:
- Looking to the other's secrets, such as to look to a letter which is private to someone and neither its sender nor its consignee permit for any one to look at it.
- Looking to the other's homes without taking the permission which leads to the bare of the private parts of that house, and this is what many people afflicted with through looking from the houses balconies and this what lays the responsibility on the owners of the bared houses to shield them from the others eyes. It was mentioned in the Hadith about the one who looks to his neighbor's house and look on what is forbidden to him: "God should put him in the hell with the hypocrites who used to follow the women's private parts in the present life, and Doesn't departure him from the world unless He divulges him and let all the people in the hereafter see his private parts".
- Looking to the woman who is not your wife and to the unmarriageable ones in a forbidden way. And this what the Holy Koran forbid by saying: ﴾Say to the believing men that they cast down their looks﴿ and the family of the Prophet (A.S.) cautioned from the harmful effects for the forbidden sights. And it was related to Imam Al-Sadek (A.S.) that he said: "The sight is a dart from the Devil's darts and how many times did a sight bequeathed a long regret" and it was said in Al-Hadith "God will stuff the person's eyes who looked to a woman that is forbidden to him with nails that are made from fire, and He will stay stuffing them with fire till he dies between the people and then the order will be given to be thrown to the hell".
The Effects of Casting Down the Sights: The Family of the Prophet (A.S.) illustrated the harmful effects of casting down the sights, such as:
- Dismissing the appetite: It was related to the Commander of the Faithful (A.S.) that he said: "Blessing is upon the one who dismisses the appetites and castes down the sights".
- The soul's relaxation: Imam (A.S.) said: "The one who casts down his eyes, relaxes his heart".
- The belief's prettiness: Prophet Mohammad (peace be upon him) said: "The sight is a dart from the devil's dart, who desisted it for fear of me I exchange him to belief that he finds its prettiness in his heart".
- The hereafter's reward: Imam Al-Sadek (A.S.) said: "The one who looked to a woman, then he looked to the sky, or closed his eyes, his sight will not revert until The Great and Almighty marry him with the pure and beautiful ones".
2. Being Respectful while Looking…
As we said earlier was the sight's right from the negative side, and the completion of Imam Zain Al-Abedeen (A.S.) is related to the positive side through benefiting from this grace and we present some of what God endeared to look at:
- Sighting to the Holy Koran: it was mentioned in the Hadith: "The one who reads the Holy Koran, his eyes will be gratified, and he will lighten the punishment on his parents even if they were infidel".
- Sighting to the parents: it was mentioned in the Hadith: "Sighting to your parents in a mercy way is considered worship".
- Sighting to the world: it was mentioned in the Hadith: "Sighting to the world is considered worship".
- Sighting to the brother out of love for God: it was mentioned in the Hadith: "Sighting to the brother out of love for God is considered worship".