In the name of Allah, the Beneficent, The Merciful
The Forties Visit (Ziyarat Al-Arbaeen)
Occasion: The Forties Anniversary of Al-Imam Al-Hussein (A.S.)
We offer our condolence to The Master of This Time Imam Al-Mahdi (May God hasten his honorable revelation), the Muslims’ Authority during Imam Al-Mahdi’s absence Imam Al-Khaminaei (May God lengthen his presence among us), all the Muslims, and the resistants for the fortieth anniversary of Imam Al-Hussain (A.S.).
The Prophet's family (peace be upon them) had specialized Imam Hussein (A.S.) by his visit "Ziyarat Al-Arbaeen", to renew his anniversary that falls on the twentieth of safar; hence commemorating his revolution, renewing the promise, and letting all the nation know how much the Umayyad were severe toward the religion. In addition, many miracles came over Imam Hussein (A.S.) on the day of his martyrdom which was extended to the fortieth day.
It was related to Zourara about Abi Abd Allah Al-Sadek (A.S.) that he had said: "The sky wept over Hussein (A.S.) for forty mornings with blood, while the earth wept over him for forty mornings with blackness. The sun wept over him for forty mornings with an eclipse and with redness, whereas the angels wept over him for forty mornings.."
In fact, no wonder of that, because the earth as Prophet Mohammad (peace be upon him and his household) said with respect to that: “The earth mourns the death of a believer for forty mornings”.
Imam Hasan Al-Askari (a.s.) includes the performance of Ziyarat Arbaeen as one of the five marks for a believer, in addition to reciting 51 raka of sala, audible recitation of Bismillah, wearing a ring on one’s right hand, and doing sajda on dust. (This hadith has been narrated by Sheikh Tusi in the book Tahthib).
And what is meant by Ziyarat al-Arbaeen is the Ziyarat of Imam Hussein (A.S.) on the fortieth day of his blessed martyrdom. And we highlight hereunder some of the believer’s signs:
Hence, Imam Hussein’s visit was considered one of these things that the believer is characterized from the others by, and we can see this clearly in the narration:
First: Praying 51 prostration (rakat) during the 24 hours of the day of Arbaeen, (17 rakats in Wajib (obligatory) and 34 rakats in Naafilah Salaats.); the shia Imamiya were specialized by this performance.
Second: audible recitation of Bismillah; during praying Zuhr and Asr prayers, it is recommendable to raise your voice while saying: “In the Name of Allah, the Beneficent, the Merciful”, whereas it is obligatory to do as such in the Fajr, Maghrib, Eshaa prayers. This is also one of the Shiites specialists who had made it obligatory in the Fajr, Maghrib, Eshaa prayer, and recommendable in the Zuhr and Asr prayers.
Third: wearing a ring on one’s right hand, and this was narrated about the Prophet’s family (peace be upon them).
Fourth: To put the forehead on the dust while prostrating.
Fifth: Performing Ziyarat Arba’een Imam Hussein (A.S.) which has a very great reward as was mentioned in the narrations.
"He who comes visiting Abi Abd Allah Al-Hussein (A.S.) grave will be visiting the Messenger (peace be upon him and his household) of Allah and all the Imams, and it will be forbidden to backbite him, his body will not feel the heat of the fire; God Almighty will give him for each dirham he spent 10 thousands city in a preserved book, and God will fulfill all his needs and protect him. Besides, whatever he asks God, He will fulfill it to him sooner or later".
Imam (A.S.) adds saying: "My dad once told me about my grandfather the following: the one who visits Imam Hussein (A.S.) for the sake of Allah, God will forgive all his sins and thus will be as if he was born another time, the angels will escort him till the time he return back to his parents, and they will ask God to forgive all his sins, and mercy will be upon him. Not just that, but also the angels will be saying: You are good as well as the one whom you had visited, May God protect you".
Eventually, all praise is due to Allah, the Lord of the worlds.