Rituals of Traveling
One should fast for 3 days prior to leaving for ziyarat. Try to choose Saturday,
Tuesday, or Thursday for taking a trip and avoid traveling on Monday and
Wednesday, as well as Friday forenoon. Also there are seven days during a month
that are considered to be inauspicious; avoid them if at all possible; they are
the third, fifth, eighth, thirteenth, sixteenth, twenty-first, twenty-fourth,
According to some hadith, taking a trip on 21st is good, but not on 8th and
23rd. Also, do not travel on the last day of lunar month and when the mansion of
the moon confronts the Scorpio.
If it is necessary to travel on these days, one should recite the supplication
of journey, and give alms (sadaqah); then he should go on a journey anytime. It
has been related that one of the companions of Imam Baqir (pbut) wanted to go on
a journey. So he came to the Imam (pbut) to bid farewell.
The Imam (pbut) stated, "When my father Ali (pbut) ibn al-Hussein (pbut) wanted
to go to his estates, he bought his safety from Allah before putting his foot in
the stirrup; that is, by giving alms to the extent he could afford. When he came
back, he thanked Allah and again he gave alms to the extent he could afford."
The man bade farewell and left, but did not follow the Imam (pbut)'s
instructions, so he perished in that journey. When the Imam (pbut) was informed
about the matter said, "This man was advised. I wish he had accepted."
On the day of departure for ziyarat, one should perform ghusl and then summon
his family members. Recite 2 rakat prayers and ask Allah for blessing. Then
recite blessings upon Mohammad (pbuhh) and the family of Mohammad (pbut) (salawat)
and Ayatul Kursi.
Then the following Supplication should be recited:
Allah, as a trust, I, today, give myself, my family, my property, and my
children in Your protection. And those who are doing the same as I am doing,
regardless if they are traveling with me or separate from me
O Allah, protect us along with our iman (faith), and keep a watch over us.
O Allah let us remain covered by Your mercy, do not withdraw Your favours
from us as we are anxiously longing for Thee.
O Allah, we seek refuge with You from the hardships of the journey, and sad
and from having to see any difficulties fall upon our family, property and
children, in this world and in the Hereafter.
O Allah, I direct myself towards You in this journey for obtaining Your
pleasure and for seeking Your nearness,
O Allah, therefore, let me accomplish that which I desire and expect from You
and Your Auwliya (friends), O the Most Merciful of all who show mercy!
Stand in the doorway of your house and recite the tasbih of Syeda Fatima Zahraa
(sa). Then recite the surah of al-Fatihah to three directions: once while you
are looking forward, and once while turning your face towards the right and once
while turning your face to the left; likewise, recite Ayat al-Kursi once towards
any of the three directions.
Then recite the following:
O Allah I turn my attention towards Thee and leave under Your care my family
and property and that which Thou has bestowed on me. I have full confidence in
So do not disappoint me, O He who does not let anyone suffer a loss when one
turns to Him, nor let anything go waste when it is given under His care.
O Allah send blessings on Mohammad (pbuhh) and on the Progeny of Mohammad (pbut),
and take care of me for as long as I am far from my home; and do not leave me
alone on my own, O the Most Merciful of all who show mercy.
Then recite the surah of al-Tawhid (Ikhlass) eleven times, and the surah of al-Qadr,
Ayat al-Kursi , the surahs of al-Falaq and al-Nas once each.
Then run your palm over your entire body, give alms (sadaqah) to the extent you
can afford and recite:
O Allah, I bargain for, through these alms, peace and security for me, my
journey, and for that which is with me.
O Allah protect me, and protect that which is with me; keep me and that which
is with me in sound condition; and make me and that which is with me reach Thy
good and beautiful destination.
Imam Ali (pbut) ibn al-Hussein (pbut) was quoted as saying, "As long as I say
these words, I am not in fear of anything even if jinn and mankind gather
together to harm me."
In the name of Allah, for the sake of Allah, from Allah, unto Allah, and in
the way of Allah,
O Allah, I surrender myself to Thee, I turn my attention towards Thee, I entrust
my affairs to Thee,
therefore, protect me by keeping intact my faith, from all sides--front, back,
right, left, above, below;
and defend me with Thy strategy and power, because there is no strategy, nor
power save with Allah, Most High Most Great (Aliul Azeem).
Practices of performing ziyarat to the shrines of the Imams (pbut)
First: Be sure to say "In the Name of Allah, the Compassionate, the
Merciful" (Bismillahir rahmanir rahim) when riding, for it is appropriate.
Second: One should take care of his money and keep it in a safe place
during journey, for it has been related that taking care of one's money during
travel is of the manners of journey.
Third: One should help his friends during journey and should not withhold
to serve them; he should meet their needs so that Allah keeps him away from
seventy-three heartaches, keeps him safe from grief and difficulty in this
world, and removes the awful sorrow from him on the day of Resurrection. It has
been narrated that Imam Ali (pbut) ibn al-Hussein (pbut) traveled just with
those who did not know him in order that he could help them because they would
not let him if they knew him. Concerning the good manner of RasoolAllah (pbuhh)
it has been narrated that once he was going on a journey together with his
companions. When they were going to slaughter a sheep, everybody chose a job to
do. One said, "Well, I'll slaughter it." Someone else said, "I will flay it."
Another said, "I will cook it." RasoolAllah (pbuhh) said, "Ok, and I will gather
firewood." The companions said, "O Rasool Allah (pbuhh)! We ourselves will do
it." He stated, "I know but I do not like you to discriminate in favor of me
because Allah, the Exalted dislikes to see His servant prefers himself to his
It is worth mentioning that during journey the most unpleasant person from his
co-travelers' view is he who is lazy, and expecting others to do his affairs, he
remains idle whereas he is in rude health.
Fourth: One should accompany those who are as generous as he is.
Fifth: One should not drink water from any station unless he blends it
with the water taken from the previous station. The traveler had better take a
bit of earth from his homeland, where he has grown up. When he arrives at any
station, he should pour a bit of that earth into the glass of his drinking water
and should shake it. When the earth settles he should drink the water.
Sixth: One should behave affably and patiently.
Seventh: One should take provisions for his journey. Among the virtues of
man is taking generous provision for his journey, especially for hajj. However,
it is not appropriate to take delicious foods such as grilled meat or chicken,
sweetmeat, etc while performing ziyarat to the shrine of Imam Hussein (pbut).
Eighth: It has been highly emphasized that during journey one should say
his obligatory prayer in its prescribed time considering the due conditions
because many a time it is witnessed that some pilgrims to hajj or holy shrines
spoil their obligatory prayers; either they do not say them in the prescribed
time or they say their prayer, while being mounted or on a howdah, or while
their body or clothes is impure (najis), or with performing dry ablution (tayammum)
and the like. All these stem from remissness in and making light of the status
of prayers. Whereas, Imam Sadiq (pbut) was quoted as saying, "An obligatory
prayer is better than 20 times of hajj pilgrimage, while a hajj pilgrimage is
better than a house full of gold given as alms (sadaqah) until it finishes."
Be sure to repeat the following thirty times after the shortened prayers:
Glory be to Allah, all praise be to Allah, Allah is the greatest
Some advices for females who are performing ziyarat
He has also added, "When ladies are going to perform ziyarat, they should be
isolated from men. It would be preferable for them to perform ziyarat at night.
They should change their clothes, i.e. they should wear plain dress so that
nobody can know them, and they can come out secretly. It is, however,
permissible- even though it is makrooh- for ladies to perform ziyarat with men.
Author's note: These sentences show the indecency of what has nowadays become
prevalent in performing ziyarat by ladies; they make up themselves, and wear
nice clothes, leave their houses under the name of going on ziyarat, while their
bodies touch and push non-mahram men's bodies. Some of them cling to the burial
chamber; as a result, men cannot do so. In order to recite ziyarat some of them
sit in front of those who are saying prayer, supplicating, etc and prevent them
from focusing their attention on the prayer, supplication, etc. In fact, they
are counted among those who hinder from Allah's way; and this ziyarat with these
characteristics not only is not worshipping but also it is a sinful act
It has been mentioned in Man La Yazherul Faqih that Asbagh ibn Nubatah quoted
Moula Ali (pbut) as saying, "In the end of Times - which is the worst time -
and when the Hour of Judgment is nigh, some women are dressed while being naked
and make a dazzling display while performing the religion and are involved in
evils, inclined to lust, and hasten to do the pleasures, deem the unlawful acts
as lawful, and will be amongst those dwelling in the hell forever."
Rewards for ziyarat to the shrines of Rasool Allah (pbuhh)
and the Holy Imams (pbut)
It is worth mentioning that for the populace especially hajj pilgrims it is
highly recommended to go on pilgrimage to the holy shrine, and the magnificent
chamber of the pride of the world, the master of the messengers, Mohammad ibn
Abdullah - may Allah grant His blessings upon him and his progeny. Negligence of
making ziyarat to his shrine will be unkindness to him on the Day of Judgment.
Sheikh Saduq has quoted from Imam Sadiq (pbut) who said, "When one of you
performs hajj, he/she should end it by making ziyarat to Our shrines, for this
practice is required for the hajj to become perfect."
He also has quoted from Imam Ali (pbut) who said, "Complete your hajj by
going on ziyarat of the shrine of Prophet Mohammad (pbuhh) because neglecting
this after performing hajj is regarded as unkindness and impoliteness. You have
been enjoined to do this. Go on ziyarat to those shrines that Allah has made it
obligatory to visit them and to observe their rights; so ask Allah, the Exalted
for your daily bread beside those shrines."
Sheikh Saduq has quoted from Abu'l-Salt Hirawi that he had asked Imam Rida (pbut),
"O' son of Rasool Allah (pbuhh)! What is your opinion about the hadith which
says in Paradise the momin will visit their Lord from their dwellings?"
Abu'l Salt implicitly wanted to ask if the hadith itself was reliable while it
entailed what seems not to correspond with true belief?
The Imam (pbut) replied, "O' Abu'l Salt! Almighty Allah exalted His Apostle over
all His creation including the messengers and angels. So Allah has counted the
obedience to the Prophet (pbuhh) as the obedience to Allah Himself, swearing
allegiance to the Prophet (pbuhh) is the same as swearing allegiance to Allah
Himself, and visiting the Prophet (pbuhh) is the same as visiting Allah Himself.
As Allah has stated,
﴾He who obeys the Apostle, indeed obeys Allah﴿
(Sura 4 ayah 80), and
﴾Verily those who swear their allegiance to thee do not less than
swear their allegiance to Allah; the Hand of Allah is above their hands﴿
(Sura al Fath ayah 10).
Rasool Allah (pbuhh) has said, "Whoever visits me – regardless if it is while
I am still in this world or after My departure- is like he who has visited
Allah. On the Day of Judgment I will intercede for he who visits me, regardless
if it is while I am still in this world or after My departure."
Rewards for performing the ziyarat of Imam Hussein (pbut)
Know that the rewards of performing the ziyarat of the shrine of Imam Hussein (pbut)
are beyond the scope of expression. According to many hadiths, it equals major
hajj, minor hajj (`umrah), and jihad; rather it is much better and preferable
from the aspect of rewards. It leads to forgiveness, lessening the reckoning in
the hereafter, promotion of ranks, and fulfillment of needs. Also it brings long
life; it causes body to be preserved, property to be protected, daily bread to
be increased, needs to be met, and grief to be relieved. If one neglects this,
his faith will be weakened, and a great right of Rasool Allah (pbuhh) will be
The least reward given to the pilgrim of that holy grave is forgiveness of sin.
Also Allah the Exalted preserves his life and protects his property until He
brings him home. Allah will protect him in the hereafter more than in this
Going on the ziyarat to the shrine of the Imam (pbut), according to many hadiths,
relieves the grief, and removes agonies of death and horror of grave. Besides,
any amount of money spent in this way will be counted one thousand times rather
ten thousand times.
When a pilgrim goes towards the Imam (pbut)'s tomb, four thousand angels will
welcome him, and when he goes back they will see him off. The Prophets and their
successors, the Masoom Imams (pbut), and the angels (peace be upon them all)
perform ziyarat to the shrine of Imam Hussein (pbut), and pray to Allah for the
pilgrims; they also give them good-tidings. Furthermore, Allah the Exalted will
look upon Imam Hussein (pbut)’s pilgrims more mercifully than upon those who go
to `Arafat. So in the hereafter, everybody wishes he were of his pilgrims due to
the greatness of the Imams (pbut) and their great generosity and magnanimity.
There are numerous hadiths in this regard; among Particular Ziyarats some
rewards of pilgrimage to the Imam (pbut) will be mentioned. Just a single hadith
is mentioned herein: Through reliable chains of narrators ibn Qoulawayh, Shaykh
Kulayni and Sayyid ibn Tawus all have quoted Mu`awiyah ibn Wahab Bijilli Kufi as
"Once I had the honor to visit Imam Sadiq (pbut); I saw him saying prayer in his
prayer place. I sat waiting until he got through with his prayer. Then I heard
him supplicating to his Lord saying
"O You Who granted us Your special Grace and promised us the intercession
authority and conferred on us knowledge of the prophethood, appointed us as
heirs of the prophets, and ended the previous communities to us, appointed us
exclusively as successors of Rasool Allah (pbuhh), conferred the knowledge of
the past and the future, and made the hearts of the people inclined to us,
forgive me and my momin brothers and the pilgrims to the shrine of my father,
Imam Hussein (pbut) ibn Ali (pbut); those who spend their money, and set out due
to their desire to do good to us and due to the hope of Your rewards for their
connection with us and for gladdening Your Prophet (pbuhh) and for their answer
to our order and because they angered our enemies for Your Pleasure. So kindly
grant them Your Satisfaction on our behalf, and preserve them all the times, day
and night, and be their good successor in their household members, and be their
friend, and dispel the evil of any tyrants and any enemies and any weak or
strong evil creatures and the evil of the devils including jinn and mankind. O
Allah kindly gift them more than what they expect for being away from their
homelands and for they preferred us prior to their household members, families
and relatives. O Allah although our foes blamed them for they set out to make
ziyarat to us, their blame could not prevent them from leaving their homes. So
have mercy upon those sunburned faces and those cheeks laid and rubbed on the
holy grave of Imam Hussein (pbut) and those eyes that shed tears for feeling
pity for us, and have mercy upon the hearts complained hard and wailed for our
tragedy. O' Allah I entrusted them to you to quench their thirst from Kawthar
Pond on the Day of thirst."
He constantly supplicated this way in prostration (sujoud). I told him, "You
observed such a supplication that even if someone who did not believe in Allah
performed it, I supposed that the hellfire would never touch him; I wished by
Allah, I had made ziyarat to the shrine that Imam (pbut) instead of performing
Imam (pbut) said, "O Mu`awiyah! You are so close to his shrine; what prevents
you from making ziyarat to him? Don't be neglectful of it."
"May I be sacrificed to you! I did not know that it has such great virtues," I
The Imam (pbut) said, "O Mu`awiyah! Those who pray for Imam Hussein (pbut)’s
pilgrims in the heavens are more than those on the earth. Do not neglect this
ziyarat due to dread of anyone, for if someone does so, he will begrudge so much
that he longs to stay over the Imam (pbut)'s shrine until his death, and wishes
he were buried there.
Do you not like Allah to consider you among those for whom the Holy Prophet (pbuhh),
Imam Ali (pbut), Syeda Fatimah (sa) and the other Masoom Imams (pbut) pray? Do
you not wish to be among those with whom the angels shake hands on the day of
Resurrection? Do you not wish to be among those who will come free of sins on
the Resurrection Day? Do you not wish to be among those with whom the Holy
Prophet (pbuhh) will shake hands on the Day of Judgment?"
Rituals for making ziyarat of Imam Hussein (pbut)
First: One should fast for three days before he leaves his home. On the
third day, as Imam Sadiq (pbut) instructed Safwan, he should perform ritual
bathing (ghusl) (see the seventh Ziyarat of Imam Hussein asws). Sheikh Mohammad
ibn al-Mashhadi while mentioning preliminaries of the ziyarat to Imam Hussein (pbut)
on the two eids (i.e. the Day of Fast-Breaking and the Day of Sacrificing) has
written that when one intended to make ziyarat to the shrine of the Imam (pbut),
he should fast for three days, and perform ghusl on the third day.
Glorify Allah and ask Him to grant His Blessings upon the Prophet (pbuhh) and
his progeny (pbut) (salawat). Then move calmly and sedately. It has been related
that Almighty Allah creates 70 thousand angels from each bead of sweat from
those who perform ziyarat of Imam Hussein (pbut) that glorify Allah and ask Him
for forgiveness for himself and for other pilgrims until the Day of
Second: Imam Sadiq (pbut) was quoted as saying, "When you are going on
ziyarat to the shrine of Imam Hussein (pbut) perform ziyarat to the Imam (pbut)
sorrowfully and mournfully while you are thirsty, hungry, and dusty with unkempt
hair because the Imam (pbut) has been martyred in these same circumstances.
Ask Allah for your needs, and get back; do not stay there for a long time as
you stay in your homeland.
Third: A pilgrim to the shrine of Imam Hussein (pbut) should not provide
himself with delicious foods such as sweetmeat or grilled meat during his
journey; rather he should have bread with milk or yogurt.
Imam Sadiq (pbut) was quoted as saying, "I was told that some people had made
ziyarat to the shrine of Imam Hussein (pbut) carrying grilled and sweetmeats. If
they had been going to the graves of their fathers or friends, they would never
have done so."
Through another reliable hadith it was related that Imam Sadiq (pbut) told
Mufaddal ibn `Umar, "Making ziyarat to the shrine of Imam Hussein (pbut) is
better than refraining to do so, and refraining to do so is better than making
Mufaddal said (sadly), "You did break my back!" (In explanation of his word)
Imam (pbut) said, "By Allah, you go to visit your own fathers' graves
sorrowfully and mournfully, whereas you go on ziyarat of Imam Hussein (pbut)
carrying a lot of delicious foods; rather you should go unkemptly and dustily."
Author's note: How appropriate observing this matter is for the rich and the
merchants. When a friend of theirs in the towns on the way to Karbala invites
them to lunch or dinner filling the dinner table with delicious meals such as
grilled chickens, or providing them with such meals to be eaten during their
trip, they should turn down it saying that they are traveling to Karbala and it
is not appropriate for them to enjoy such meals.
Sheikh Kulayni has written, "After Imam Hussein (pbut)’s martyrdom, his wife who
was from Bani Kilab Tribe, lamented and wept for him, and so did the other women
and servants until there was no tears for them to shed. Meanwhile, she was sent
a (hunted wild) bird called sand grouse as a gift from somewhere to gain vigor
to continue weeping. Seeing it, she asked about it. She was told that it was a
gift that Mr. X had sent for her to make use for Imam Hussein (pbut)’s
lamenting. "We are not in wedding ceremony so that we may eat such a food, are
we?" she said. Then she ordered to take it out of home
The fourth recommended point that should be observed during ziyarat to Imam
Hussein (pbut)’s shrine, is behaving humbly and modestly like a submissive bond
slave. Therefore, people traveling fast by these modern steam vehicles and the
like, which move very fast, should be careful very much on their best behavior
so that they do not behave arrogantly and snobbishly; and also they should not
behave haughtily toward other pilgrims traveling to Karbala with hardship and
discomfort, and should not despise them.
Concerning the behavior of Men of the Cave, the scholars have related that they
had been Decius's close associates, as his viziers. When Almighty Allah granted
His Favor upon them and they dwelled upon theism and bettering their conduct,
they considered it advisable to seclude themselves from people, take refuge in a
cave, and begin to worship Allah. So they rode their horses and left the city.
When they were three miles away from the city, Tamlikha, one of the Men of the
Cave, said, "O my brothers! This is the path of the hereafter. We should walk on
it in poverty and indigence, and should abandon the worldly reign and office.
Now dismount your horses, and go before Allah on foot so that Allah has mercy
upon you and relieves our grief."
Then those honorable figures dismounted their horses all, walked seven parasangs
(27.3 miles) until their feet were injured and started bleeding. Therefore, the
pilgrims to the holy shrine of Imam Hussein (pbut) should take this note into
account, and know that the more they behave modestly for the sake of Allah, the
more exaltation of rank they will gain; and that is why regarding the manners of
the Imam (pbut)'s pilgrimage, Imam Sadiq (pbut) was quoted as saying,
"Everyone who makes ziyarat to the shrine of Imam Hussein (pbut) on foot,
Almighty Allah will write one thousand rewards for each pace, will atone one
thousand sins of his, and will exalt him one thousand degrees in Paradise."
So when you reach the Euphrates, perform ritual bathing (ghusl), take your
footgear off, pick them up, and walk like a submissive bond slave
Fifth: During your journey if you see a pilgrim walking on foot who is
tired and fatigued demanding you for help, you should fulfill his request to the
possible extent, and should take him home; never should you look down on him.
Sixth: It has been related that the honorable reliable hadith relater,
Mohammad ibn Muslim told Imam Mohammad Baqir (pbut), "Going on ziyarat to
your forefather, Imam Hussein (pbut), is like performing hajj, am I right?"
"Absolutely" the Imam (pbut) confirmed.
"So is it necessary for us to observe what should be observed by hajj pilgrims?"
The Imam (pbut) instructed, "It is necessary for you to behave well toward all
your fellow travelers, to speak a little, save for good words, to remember Allah
frequently, to wear clean clothes, to perform ritual bathing (ghusl) before
entering the shrine (Ha'ir), and to behave humbly and tender-heartedly. It is
also necessary for you to say prayers and to frequently ask Allah to grant His
Blessings upon the Prophet (ssaw) and his progeny (pbut) (salawat), to avoid
doing what is below your dignity, to keep your eyes from looking at anything
that is forbidden or suspected, to do well toward your distressed momin
brothers. If you see one has finished his money, it will be your duty to help
him and share your own money with him equally. You must practice dissimulation,
for the firmness of your religion depends upon it. Abstain from anything
forbidden by Allah; abandon enmity, vowing frequently, arguing, and disputing
which involves vow. When you do so, you will perfectly receive the reward of
major hajj and minor one (`umrah). In this case when you return, you will
deserve forgiveness of your sins and Allah's Mercy and Satisfaction for Whose
sake you have spent money and you have been away from your family members.
Seventh: Regarding ziyarat of Imam Hussein (pbut), Abu Hamzah Thumali has
quoted Imam Sadiq (pbut) as saying, "When you reach Karbala, put your baggage
there. Do not use kohl; and do not have meat as long as you stay there."
Eighth: Performing ritual bathing (ghusl) in the Euphrates about which
there are so many hadiths. Imam Sadiq (pbut) was quoted as saying, "Whoever
goes on ziyarat to the shrine of Imam Hussein (pbut) after performing ghusl in
the Euphrates will be purged from his sins like when he was just born even
though his sins are paramount."
It has also been related that someone told the Imam (pbut), "Many a time
it has happened to us that we went on ziyarat to the shrine of Imam Hussein (pbut),
but we could hardly perform ritual bathing (ghusl) because of coldness and other
The Imam (pbut) said, "Having performed ghusl in the Euphrates, if one goes
on ziyarat of Imam Hussein (pbut), so many merits are recorded for him that are
beyond the scope of figures."
Bashir al-Dahhan quoted Imam Sadiq (pbut) as saying, "If one goes on ziyarat
to the shrine of Imam Hussein (pbut), and performs minor ablution (wudou) and
ghusl in the Euphrates, Allah will write for him a major hajj and a minor one (`umrah)
for every step he takes and puts."
According to some hadiths, one should perform his ghusl in the Euphrates across
from the shrine of Imam Hussein (pbut)
And it is preferable, according to some hadiths, to repeat the following one
hundred times when getting the Euphrates:
Allah is the greatest
And he should repeat the following one hundred times:
There is no god except Allah
And one should ask Allah to grant His Blessings upon the Prophet (pbuhh) and his
progeny (pbut) (salawat) one hundred times.
Ninth: When you intend enter into the holy shrine (ha'ir), enter through
the eastern gate of the shrine, as Imam Sadiq (pbut) instructed Yousuf Kannasi.
Tenth: One should say his obligatory and recommended prayers near the
holy grave of Imam Hussein (pbut), for prayer said there will be accepted.
Sayyid ibn Tawus has written, "Endeavor not to miss saying your obligatory and
recommended prayers in the holy shrine. It has been related that an obligatory
prayer near the holy grave of the Imam (pbut) equals a major hajj, and a
recommended prayer equals a minor one (`umrah).
Author's note: In the hadith that was related by Mufaddal a large number of
rewards were mentioned for saying prayer in the holy shrine
Also through a reliable hadith Imam Sadiq (pbut) was quoted as saying, "Going
on ziyarat to the shrine of Imam Hussein (pbut) if one says two or four rak`ats
of prayer there, the reward of major hajj and minor one (`umrah) will be
recorded for him"
What is deduced from the hadiths is that one can say pilgrimage prayer and
perform other practices either behind the grave or on the head side of the Imam
(pbut)'s burial chamber both are good. If one wishes to say it on the head side,
he should stand farther back where is not parallel the holy grave itself.
A part of the hadith quoted by Abu Hamzah Thumali from Imam Sadiq (pbut) says,
"Say two rak`ats of prayer near the head side of the Imam's holy grave reciting
the surahs of al-Fatihah and Ya Sin in the first rak`at, and the surahs of al-Fatihah
and al-Rahman in the second. You can say this prayer behind the holy grave;
although, saying it on the head side of the holy grave is preferable. Having got
through with this prayer, you can say any prayer; however, this couple of
rak`ats of pilgrimage prayer should be said near every mausoleum that one
Ibn Qoulawayh has related that Imam Baqir (pbut) told a man, "What prevents
you, in case you are in need of something, from going near the holy grave of
Imam Hussein (pbut) and saying two rak`ats of prayer; then pray to Allah for
your needs? Verily, saying an obligatory prayer near the Imam (pbut)'s holy
grave equals a major hajj, and saying a recommended prayer equals a minor hajj
Eleventh, know that the main practice of the holy shrine of Imam Hussein (pbut)
is invocation because meeting the needs under that sacred dome is one of the
rewards that Almighty Allah has granted to the Imam (pbut) in return for his
martyrdom. Therefore, a pilgrim should take the opportunity, and should not be
neglectful of entreaty, repentance, and praying for one's needs. Many
supplication with sublime contents have been related in the ziyarats of the Imam
It is preferable to recite the invocations of Sahaifah Sajjadiyyah as many as
possible, for they are the best invocations.
You should recite the following supplication in the holy shrine while uplifting
your hands (palms upward):
O my Allah Thou takes notice of my position, hears whatever I say,
understands my approach, my deep affection, and my "refuge taking, " keeness for
the "resting abode" of Thy demonstrator, the son of Thy prophet (pbuhh). O my
Master, Thou knows what I want, my condition is not hidden from Thee,
therefore, I turn to Thee, through Thy Messenger's son (pbut), Thy Hujjat
(proof) and Thy trustee, I seek Thy and Thy Messenger (pbuhh)'s nearness through
so, on account of him, let me be respectable and dignified before Thee, in
this world and in the Hereafter, and also let me be Thy close attendant.
and fulfill my desires in return of my visitation, make a present of my joys and
delights, bestow upon me that which I passionately crave and long for,
satisfy my wants and needs do not send me away disappointed, do not cut off
my hopes, do not reject my prayers,
let acceptance of my supplications regarding both this world and the
hereafter become apparent,
and include me among those of Thy servants who have been kept safe from dangers,
diseases, distress and disadvantages,
whom Thou let live in peace and prosperity, let me die in complete tranquility,
and enter the Paradise in ecstasy, take refuge in Thy sanctuary to avoid the
flames of the Fire.
Provide me with a steady welfare, as a favour, which I ardently desire for
myself, my family, my children, my brothers, my possessions,
and for all that which Thou has bestowed upon me, O the most Merciful of all
who show mercy!