The Number of his Reported Transmissions
Scholars differ with respect to the number of traditions he has transmitted.
Thus Shaykh Ismail al-Kazari (d 1136 AH/1723 AD) has transmitted sixty
traditions on his authority in his book ‘Jannat al-Naim’, while Shaykh Muhammad
Baqir al-Kajuri (d 1313 AH/1895 AD) has transmitted seventy-five traditions on
his authority in his book ‘Rawhun wa Rayhan’.
Muhammad bin Ibrahim al-Kalbasiy (d 1262 AH/1842 AD) has narrated forty
traditions on his authority in his book Al-Tadhkira al-Azima and al-Muhaqqiq
al-Shaykh Azizullah al-Ataradi has transmitted seventy eight traditions from
him in his book Abd al-Azim al-Hasani, Hayatuhu wa Musnaduhu’.
Recently, a work by the title of ‘Musnad Hadrat Abd al-Azim al-Hasani (as)’
was published. This work was prepared by Shaykh al-Ataradi and Ali Rida al-Hazari
who verified one hundred and twenty traditions from him. This work was published
and disseminated by the organizers of the conference held in memory of Sayyid Abd
al-Azim al-Hasani in the suburb of Ray of the city of Tehran in 2003 AD.
This last figure is perhaps the utmost one can verify in these days by the aid
of computer assisted software and if anything has missed their attention then
perhaps it is unimportant.
The foregoing information may raise a question, which is: a man as learned as
the Sayyid, who met two Imams, who transmitted from thirty-three personalities
and from whom sixteen traditionists reported in turn should have had a far
greater number of transmitted traditions to his credit than the number mentioned
above. Thus what is the reason for the small number of his transmitted
Two possible answers may be suggested here:
1) In those times many resources and books of the Shi’ites were lost due to
destruction, sabotage, burning and other destructive factors. This is because
the Shi’ites were living in an environment of dissimulation and fear, except in
certain limited areas where they enjoyed some relative freedom and ease. An apt
example would be the jurist Muhammad bin Abi ‘Umayr, who narrates from four
hundred and fourteen authorities.
His sister hid his books by burying them so that they may not be confiscated.
Shaykh al-Najashi writes: ‘His sister buried his books when he was imprisoned
for four years and while she was in hiding. As a result his books were
destroyed. It is also said that she left them in a room and rainwater destroyed
them! So he began to transmit from memory and from what was in the possession of
the people of his previously transmitted reports. This is the reason why Shi’ite
scholars accept his ‘mursal’ transmissions. And he had written many books.’
2) That Sayyid Abd al-Azim al-Hasani was a man pursued by the tyrannical
authorities, which made him flee and seek refuge in Ray. There he lived in a
cellar far from the sight of the people and perhaps this state of his of being a
refugee led to so many years of his life being wasted! Therefore, it was in such
a severe environment that he narrated traditions to any seeker interested in
traditions and knowledge.
Thus we have al-Najashi relating the following from Sayyid Abd al-Azim al-Hasani’s
student Ahmad bin Muhammad bin Khalid al-Barqi who said: Abd al-Azim al-Hasani
arrived in Ray whilst fleeing from the authorities and there he lived in a
cellar in the house of a Shi’ite man whose house was located in a side street
known as the ‘lane of the Muwali’. He used to worship Allah in that cellar,
fasting during the daytime and remaining awake during the night.
He would come out from his hiding place secretly and visit the grave that is
(presently) opposite his and between the two graves is a road.
He maintained that the grave was that of a man from the children of Imam Musa
bin Jafar (a.s.). He continued to stay in that cellar and gradually news of his
whereabouts spread among the Shi’ites till many of them knew of him.
Subsequently, one of the Shi’ites saw the Prophet (pbuh&hh) in his dream who told him
that a man from his progeny would be borne away from the ‘lane of the Muwali’
and buried near an apple tree in the garden of (a certain) Abd al-Jabbar bin
Abd al-Wahhab, and the Prophet pointed out the place to him.
The man then purchased the garden from its owner and when the owner asked him as
to why he was interested in the place, he replied by narrating the contents of
the dream. He then endowed the spot near the tree as well as the entire garden
to Sayyid Abd al-Azim al-Hasani and the Shi’ites began to bury their dead
there too. Later, Sayyid Abd al-Azim al-Hasani fell sick and finally passed
away. When he was undressed so that he could be given the funeral bath, a piece
of paper was found on his body, which mentioned his genealogy as; “I am Abu al-Qasim
Abd al-Azim bin Abdillah bin Ali bin al-Hasan bin Zayd (bin Ali) bin al-Hasan
bin Ali bin Abi Talib (a.s.).”
Some biographers then mention his books after this narration.
To be continued ...
* By : Ayatullah