Q: In some countries, such as Sweden, it is not possible to observe the new moon
of the month of Shawwal after sunset but 2-3 days after the moon’s observation
in Iran due to the fact that, in these countries, the moon sets before the sun.
Assuming that, in countries like Sweden, it is possible to view the new moon
before sunset, would this much be sufficient vis-à-vis proving the new moon of
the month of Shawwal?
A: Observing the new moon before sunset is sufficient in relation to proving the
start of the new month as commencing from the night which follows (i.e. not from
the night before).