Medina also has a Haram, where its boundaries are the two mountains of ‘Aa`ir
and ‘Ayr, and the two places Waqim and Layla, and even though it is not
obligatory to do Ihram there, but it is impermissible to cut a tree.
It is of confirmed recommendation to visit the grave of the Prophet (pbuh&hh),
rather it is of religious necessity, and it is also recommended to visit Fatima
al-Zahraa (a.s) in Medina. There is no consensus as to where her holy grave is,
so the best thing to do is to visit the three sites
It is recommended to visit the four Imams (a.s) in al- Baqi’.
It is recommended to fast three days in Medina: Wednesday, Thursday and Friday.
Some important sites in Medina
The cemetery of the martyrs of the battle of Uhud This cemetery is north of al-Masjid
al-Nabawi, about four kilometers away. It has seventy of the companions of the
Prophet (pbuh&hh) buried there who were martyred in the battle of Uhud, and at
the top of them is the Prophet’s (pbuh&hh) uncle Hamzah ibn Abdul-Muttalib, the
master of martyrs, and also Mas’ab ibn ‘Umair, Abdullah ibn Jahsh, Handhalah ibn
Abi ‘Amir, and the rest of the companions. The Messenger of Allah (pbuh&hh)
would visit their graves every once in a while, as has been narrated by both
Islamic sects, mentioned in the narrations of Ahmad and Abu Dawud.
This is the first mosque built with foundations of piety, and it was the first
mosque built in Islam. This mosque is in the south west of Medina, and is
approximately three and a half kilometres from al-Masdid al-Nabawi.
At first when the Prophet (pbuh&hh) was sent as a messenger, the qiblah for the
Muslims was Bayt al- Maqdas in Palastine, where the Jews faced towards for their
worshipping, and this sacred place stayed the qiblah for Muslims for thirteen
Then at noon time on a Tuesday on the fifteenth of Sha’ban in the fist year of
Hijrah, the qiblah changed from Bayt al- Maqdas to the holy Ka’bah. So the place
where the changing of the qiblah was done is a mosque attributed to Bani Hiraam
who were from Bani Salamah, and from this incident this mosque was called the
two qiblah (qiblatain) mosque because the companions prayer one prayer to two
qiblahs. This masjid falls south west of Rawmah well, close to al-‘Aqiq valley,
and is about five kilometers north west of al-Masjid al-Nabawi.
It is said that this is the mosque where the Prophet (pbuh&hh) brought back the
sun for the Commander of the Faithful Imam Ali (a.s). This mosque is four
kilometers from al-Masjid al-Nabawi.
The seven mosques (al-Masajid al-Sab’ah)
These are small mosques, and in reality they are really six, but they have
become known as the seven mosques, as some add al-Qiblatain mosque to it to make
it seven. These mosques were built during the time of the digging of the
trenches for the battle of Khandaq, the most important of them are:
Al-Fath, or al-Ahzaab Mosque
This is where the Prophet (pbuh&hh) prayed during the battle, and he asked God
Almighty for victory.
The mosque of Ali ben Abi Talib (a.s)
This mosque is west of the mosque of Fatima al- Zahraa (a.s). It was built
during the time of the building of al-Fath mosque. It is narrated that Imam Ali
(a.s.) killed the greatest of warriors ‘Amr ibn Wud al-‘Amiri, who was able to
cross the trench in the battle of Ahzaab, and God Almighty gave victory to the
Muslims after this.