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Rituals of the Holy Month of Ramadan

SAHAR (Morning Meal)

The time for the completion of your morning meal is about ten minutes before "Subh-e-Sadiq" is 80 minutes before sunrise.
The following supplication may be recited at the time of Sahar.

Bismillah-Ir Rahman-Ir Raheem

"O My lord, my shelter in my hardships, and my helper in my difficulties, I take shelter under Thee, and appeal to Thee only. I want my safety from thee and from nobody else. I do not want to be dependent on anybody but Thee only. So accepts a few good deeds and pardons many sins, accept my few deeds and pardon my many sins. Verily, Thou art the best pardoner. O Allah! I ask Thee for such an Iman (belief) as shall bring my heart close to Thee. I want such a positive belief that I may be sure of receiving only the matters that Thou hast made obligatory for me. O Most Compassionate One, O my Helper in my difficulties, O my Companion in my hardships, O my Lord, O Grantor of my righteous desires, cover me under Thy Grace and guard me against fear, O the Forgiver of my sins, pardon my errors, O Most Merciful One. O God, bless Mohammad (pbuh&hh) and the family of Mohammad (pbuh&hh).

The Niyat (intent)for Keeping Fast:

The fasts of the month of Ramadan are obligatory. When the Crescent moon is sighted, we should declare to ourselves that we will keep all fasts during this month to attain nearness to Allah (wajib qurbatan ilallah). Just like prayer the Niyat of fasting is mental, and so is the case with Niyat of every action. To declare it in words is not necessary. However, the Niyat is that you are keeping the fast, remembering the numerical order wajib qurbatan ilallah. Offer the morning wajib prayers at its appropriate time.

Iftar (Breaking of Fast)

The time for breaking the fast is 12 to 15 minutes after sunset. It is better to offer 'Magrib prayer' and then break the fast.
The following supplication may be recited at the time of breaking the fast:

"O Lord! I fasted for Thee and have ended the fast on sustenance provided by Thee, and Thee only do I trust.

According to the Hadith of Imam Musa al-Kazim (a.s.) he, who recites this supplication, will get the Sawaab of all those who have fasted on that day.

According to the Hadith of Imam Hasan (a.s.) for every person who fasts, a supplication is accepted at the time of Iftar. One should therefore, recite the following supplication, at the time of taking his first morsel of food.

(I begin) in the name of Allah the Beneficent and the Merciful, O Lord of forgivers, forgive me.

The following supplication's may be recited after every prayer:

(I begin) in the name of Allah the Beneficent and the Merciful.

O High! O Great! O Pardoner! O Merciful! Thou art the Great Lord. There is none like Thee. Thou seest and hearest. And this, the month of Ramadan, is full of Thy grace and mercy. Thou hast bestowed on it honour and distinction, more that on any other month. This is the holy month of Ramadan in which Thou hast made the fasts obligatory on me. This is the Holy month of Ramadan in which Thou hast sent down the sacred Quran which guides the people to the Right Path, contains clear signs of guidance and distinguishes between right and wrong. Thou hast made one of its nights as "Lailaul Qadr" a night which is better than a thousand months. O! One who favours all and is favored by none, save me from hell along with Thy favourites and admit me in paradise due to Thy mercy, O most Merciful!

O Allah, I seek Thy protection from any omissions during this month of Ramadan. so that no night of this holy month might pass into dawn, without my duty to Thee remaining unfulfilled.

The following supplication may be recited every night:
Allahumma Adkhil alla ahlil quboor us sooroor.
Allahum-,aghne kulla faqir.
Allahumm ashba kulla jai'-in.
Allahumm akso kulla "uryanin.
Allahumm aqze daina kulla madeenin
Allahumm farrij an kulle makrubin;
Allahumm rudda kulla gharibin ila wataneh
Allahumm fukka kulla aseerin
Allahumm asle kulla faasidin min ommoril muslimeen
Allahumm-mashfe kulla mareezin
Allahumm sudda faqranaa bighinaaka
Allahumm ghai-ir su-a haalina bi-husne haalika
Allahumm-maqzean-nid-dian wa aghninaa minal faqre Innaka alaa kulle shai-in-qadeer.

703 View | 04-07-2014 | 10:19


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