Irrespective of their sects, Muslims throughout the world believe that, "When
Imam Mahdi (May Allah hasten his honorable revelation) will establish his
government, peace, brotherhood, equality, justice and equity will spread to
every nook and corner of the world. He will rescue the oppressed ones from the
hands of the tyrants. And everybody will enjoy the bounties of the nature
equally. He will establish such a government which will be free from all tyranny
and evil. It will be free from war and bloodshed."
For, the aim of rising of Imam Mahdi (a.s.) will be to establish peace and
equity. Holy Quran in different ways and at different places has prophesied that
the pious and the weak will be the inheritors of this world. In other articles
we have discussed the verses in detail.
Traditions about Justice
Holy Prophet (pbuh&hh) in a very comprehensive and eloquent way has prophesied
about the Justice of Imam-e-Zamana (May Allah hasten his honorable revelation).
"Allah will raise a man from my progeny. He will fill the earth with justice
and equity as it would be filled with tyranny and oppression."
In the initial part of this tradition he (pbuh&hh) has assured us that
before the world comes to end, it will be filled with equity and justice.
Cause of Expedience
A few questions may arise in our minds "Why is Allah delaying the establishment
of a government of peace and justice? Why did He not set up a universal, just
government right from day one? Why was the earth not filled with peace and
justice in the times of the previous 13 infallibles? Why is this characteristic
ascribed only to Imam Mahdi (May Allah hasten his honorable revelation)? Why did
Holy Prophet (pbuh&hh) have to prophesize this (just government) for the last
period of the world?
Before answering the question, it is necessary to state that peace and justice
is such a thing, that every human being loves it and strives to establish it.
And the one who achieves peace and justice is the most liked person. If this
characteristic is found in a governor or a leader or in his government, then
such a person is considered as reliable and liked by all. This is because the
love for peace and justice lies in the innate nature of man.
If we analyze human history, we will come to this conclusion, that despite
liking peace and justice, till today, there is not a single instance of a
leader, during whose rule this world was filled with peace and justice. Yes for
a short span of time within some limits, Prophet Sulaiman (a.s.)'s kingdom was
an example of peace and equality. It has been mentioned in the Holy Quran in
Surah Saba, Surah Nisa, Surah Ambiya, Surah Naml, etc. that all the creatures
including animals and birds, were submissive to him. Whatever he wished, like
constructing a palace, masjid or cooking food, was done by the jinns before the
batting of an eyelid. But even in his period, one cannot say that there was
total justice and peace in the world.
Now let us try to understand why the Almighty has kept the just and equitable
government for the last period of time.
Imam Baqir (a.s.) remarked, "Our government is the final government. No
family will remain who has not ruled the world. But their rule shall be prior to
ours. This is because they should not have a chance to say after seeing our
government and principles, that if we had the opportunity, we too would have
ruled the world in the same way. And this is the meaning of Allah's words, 'The
end is for those who fear (Allah)'." (Behaarul Anwaar, vol. 52, pg. 332)
Justice for Name's Sake
Our discussion revolves around the fact that justice is in the nature of man.
Yet, we find that human beings are generally inclined towards injustice. In the
present world, justice and equity is for name's sake. Very few people act with
justice. Every group is busy in securing its own ends and even goes to the
extent of trampling upon the rights of others. Even religious groups are not
free from such defects. The unjust people propagate the name of justice and
equity for their personal motives and the ordinary people are hoodwinked by
We shall explain in brief the meaning of justice and then examine the Justice of
Imam Mahdi (a.s.) in the light of the traditions.
The Meaning of Justice
The opposite of justice is oppression. Hence we can understand the complete
justice of Imam Mahdi (a.s.) only when we have fully realized the extreme limits
of oppression. The traditions quoted by us in the beginning also state that Imam
Mahdi (a.s.) will fill the earth with justice and equity just like it would be
overflowing with injustice and oppression (before him). Thus the vision of
justice is based upon the eradication of oppression.
List of Oppressions
It is a very long list. It is not possible to mention each and every type of
oppression in this article. However, we shall brief some of the types of
injustices that will be eradicated after the reappearance of Imam-e-Zamana (May
Allah hasten his honorable revelation).
Polytheism - a great injustice "Certainly, polytheism is a great injustice."
(Surah Luqman, Verse 13)
It is said that injustice implies keeping a thing in the wrong place. To
consider Allah in any position other than His actual position is injustice.
Imam-e-Zamana (May Allah hasten his honorable revelation) will destroy the
foundations of polytheism and satan worship. The entire world will become a
cradle of La Ilaha Illallah (There is no God except Allah).
The Almighty Allah has thus stated, "All the creatures of the heavens and the
earth obey Allah willingly or unwillingly and to Him they shall return." (Surah
Ale Imran, Verse 83) The actualization of this verse will be achieved during the
time of Imam Mahdi (a.s.). He (a.s.) will destroy the greatest injustice i.e.
polytheism and there will be no religion except the true religion of Allah.
Allah will fulfill His promise through the reappearance of Imam Mahdi (a.s.).
What Is Justice?
Since the topic of discussion is the justice of Imam Mahdi (a.s.), we must
comprehend the actual concept of 'justice' and its distinguishing features. Only
then can we see if those characteristics are to be found in the government of
Imam Mahdi (a.s.).
The author of Misbahul Lughat (Arabic Urdu dictionary) has mentioned that the
meaning of justice is "moderation in affairs", "equity", "to be straight".
Similarly the author of Al Munjid has defined justice to be the opposite of
oppression. In the same way, the Arabic English Dictionary of J.M. Cowans
mentions the equivalents of justice as straightness, straightforwardness,
impartiality equitableness, fairness, honesty, uprightness, probity, etc.
Thus we can say that all the litterateurs have equated justice with the above
qualities. The traditions also compare the mission of Imam-e-Zamana (May Allah
hasten his honorable revelation) to the perfect conditions of justice, equity
Let us now examine some of the traditions:
Allamah Mohsin Amin (r.a.) has quoted from the Sahih of Muslim that the Holy
Prophet (pbuh&hh) said: "Listen to the good news of your Mahdi (a.s.)'s
advent... He will fill the earth with justice and equity like it would be full
of injustice and oppression. The creatures of the earth and the sky will be
pleased with him. He will distribute wealth equitably." (Ayaanush Shiah)
A person inquired from the Prophet (pbuh&hh) as to what is meant by equitable
distribution of wealth. The Messenger of Allah (pbuh&hh) replied, "To deal
with the people justly."
Explanation: "The creatures of the earth and the sky will be pleased with him."
Those people or that government which is impartial and absolutely just will
deserve the love and admiration of all the creatures. On the other hand, people
are dissatisfied even if there is little inequality and partiality. It is
natural to oppose injustice. Since the government and its behavior is to be
perfectly just, all the people will be pleased with him." (Ibid., Part 4, p.
In another tradition, Imam Jafar Sadiq (a.s.) says "When the Qaem rises, he
will establish his government on the foundations of justice. Injustice and
oppression will be eradicated during his tenure. The roads will be completely
safe; the earth will throw out its bounties. The rights shall be restored to
their owners. At this time, the earth will throw out its treasures and manifest
its bounties. It will not be possible for you to find a needy person whom you
can pay charity." (Behaarul Anwaar, vol. 52, pg. 338; Aayanush Shia, Part 4,
pg. 348; Kashful Ghumma, vol. 3, pg. 255)
(Note: Poverty, deprivation and lack of wealth are not due to any deficiency.
They are due to the injustice and oppression, trampling of the rights and the
destruction of wealth. Poverty results from the injustice of the oppressors when
they subdue their weak fellowmen.)
Thus the tradition emphasizes that the earth will give out its underground
treasures and bounties. It indicates that during the time of Imam-e-Zamana (a.s.)
there will not be any shortages. Thus the question of theft and burglary does
not arise. The unjust and the oppressive people will be eliminated by Imam (a.s.).
And as we have seen in the previous tradition, "All the creatures of the
earth and the sky will be pleased with Hadrat (a.s.)." This proves beyond
doubt that the principles of justice will be in complete force. Otherwise it is
not possible to please every creature at one and the same time.
A Glimpse Of Hadrat (a.s.)'s Time
Allamah Majlisi (r.a.) has quoted from "Khisaal" of Sheikh Saduq (r.a.) that
Ameerul Momineen Ali (a.s.) said, "The Almighty Allah initiated, the religion
through us and, He will conclude it through us. He will provide everything
through us and give life to whomsoever he likes (through us). He will remove the
difficulties of the times through us and cause rainfall. Then do not be arrogant
and do not move away from Allah. Our Qaim will rise and the rains will descend
from the sky. And the earth will throw out the minerals. How submissive they
would be to the hearts of Allah's creatures. The wild animals will inhabit
together without violence. Even if a woman travels alone from Iraq to Syria, she
will be safe enough to halt at any place. She may carry her jewelry over her
head but none will dare to loot her. (There will be no robberies). No wild
animal will attack her. She will have no fear of them." (Behaarul Anwaar,
vol. 52, pg. 316)
Based on these principles of justice and equity the following developments shall
• Complete eradication of difficulties
• Increase in bounties and general prosperity
• Hearts free from malice and enmity
• Women can travel alone in perfect safety. There will be no robberies and
The Holy Prophet (pbuh&hh) has repeated this Divine Promise on numerous
Consequently, most of the scholars have recorded the following tradition among
the reports concerning the advent of Mahdi (a.s.).
"He will fill the earth with justice and equity like it would be replete with
injustice and oppression."
The majority of the scholars have narrated this tradition on Imam Mahdi (a.s.).
Every Muslim visualizes him as a universal reformer who will bestow absolute
peace to the world of turmoil.
The Holy Imams (a.s.) have stressed on more invocations for his reappearance and
also mentioned the following characteristics in other supplications, O Allah!
manifest Justice by him and assure a prolonged existence for the earth."
"And manifest the justice through him and fill the earth with justice. O
Allah! fill the earth with justice and equity like it is brimming with injustice
(Majmua Adeeya wa Ziaraat, p. 126)
May Allah bestow on us the divine opportunity to pray for the reappearance of
Imam-e-Zamana (May Allah hasten his honorable revelation)