Imam al-Rida, quotes his forefathers, peace be upon
them, who in turn quote Prophet Muhammad saying:
"O people! A month has approached you laden
with blessing, mercy and forgiveness; it is a month which Almighty Allah regards
as the best of all months. Its days, in the sight of Almighty Allah, are the
best of days, its nights are the best of nights, and its hours are the best of
hours. It is a month in which you are invited to be the guests of Almighty Allah
and you are regarded during it as worthy of enjoying Almighty Allah's
generosity. Your breathing in it is regarded as praising Almighty Allah and your
sleep as adoration, and your voluntary acts of worship are accepted, and your
pleas are answered.
Therefore, ask Almighty Allah your Lord, in sincere intentions and pure hearts
to enable you to fast during it and to recite His Book, for only a wretch is the
one who is deprived of Almighty Allah's forgiveness during this great month. And
let your hunger and thirst during it remind you of the hunger and thirst of the
day of resurrection.
Give alms to the poor and indigent ones among you; surround your elderly with
respect, and be kind to your youngsters. Visit your kin and safeguard your
tongues and do not look at what Allah has decreed as prohibitive for you to look
at, and do not listen to anything your ears are forbidden from hearing. Be kind
to the orphans of others, so that your own orphans will equally receive
kindness. Repent your sins to Almighty Allah and raise your hands to Him in
supplication during the times of your prayers, for they are the best times
during which Almighty Allah looks with mercy to His servants and answers their
pleas when they plead Him.
O people! Your souls are pawned by your
deeds; therefore, release them by seeking Almighty Allah's forgiveness. Your
backs are over-burdened by the weight of your sins; therefore, lighten their
burden by prolonging your prostration. Be informed that the Exalted and Almighty
Allah has sworn by His Dignity not to torture those who say their prayers and
prostrate to Him, and not to terrify them by the sight of the fire when people
are resurrected for judgment.
O people! Whoever among you breaks the fast
of a believer during this month will receive a reward equal to one who sets a
slave free, and he will receive forgiveness for all his past sins."
The people then said, "O Messenger of Allah! Not all of us can do that!" He
said, "Shun the fire of hell even by a date! Shun the fire of hell even by a
drink of water!"
"O People! Whoever among you improves his
conduct during this month will have a safe passage on the right path when many
feet will slip away, and whoever among you decreases the burdens on his servant,
will be rewarded by Almighty Allah decreasing his reckoning.
Whoever among you abstains from harming others will be spared the wrath of
Almighty Allah when he meets Him. Whoever among you affords generosity to an
orphan will be rewarded by Almighty Allah being generous to him on the Day of
Whoever among you improves his ties with his kin will be rewarded by Almighty
Allah including him in His mercy, and whoever among you severs his ties with his
kin, Almighty Allah will withhold His mercy from him when he meets Him.
Whoever among you offers voluntary prayers, Allah will decree a clearance for
him from the torture of the Fire. Whoever among you performs an obligation will
receive the reward of one who has performed seventy obligations in other months.
Whoever among you increases the sending of blessings unto me, Almighty Allah
will make the balance of his good deeds heavy when balances will be light.
Whoever among you recites one verse of the Holy Qur'an will receive the blessing
of one who recited the entire Qur'an in another month.
O people! The gates of heaven in this month
are kept open; so, pray Almighty, your Lord not to close them against you, and
the gates of the fire kept closed; so, pray Almighty Allah your Lord not to open
them for you; and the devils are kept chained; therefore, pray Almighty Allah
your Lord not to unleash them against you."
from: The Best Month, the Best Night, by Sayyed Rachad Al-Mousawi